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Nevirapine is a non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor of human immunodeficiency virus type-1. The usual dosing regimen is 200 mg twice/day. Reducing the dosing frequency would significantly improve treatment adherence and quality of life of patients. To study new forms of administration, it is necessary to do pre-clinical studies and know the(More)
BACKGROUND From February 1985 to December 1994, 781 Omnicarbon valve prostheses were implanted in 647 patients. These were 357 male and 290 female patients with a mean age of 53.5+/-10.5 years (range, 4 to 78 years). Before operation, 81% of the patients were in New York Heart Association class III or IV, 16% were in class II, and only 3% were in class I.(More)
BACKGROUND Vancomycin is one of the most evaluated antibiotics in neonates using modeling and simulation approaches. However no clear consensus on optimal dosing has been achieved. The objective of the present study was to perform an external evaluation of published models, in order to test their predictive performances in an independent dataset and to(More)
AIM To determine the population pharmacokinetic parameters of vancomycin in neonatal patients with a wide range of gestational age and birth weight, and subsequently to design an initial dosing schedule for vancomycin in neonates. METHODS Using nonlinear mixed-effects modelling (NONMEM VI), the pharmacokinetics of vancomycin were investigated in 70(More)
INTRODUCTION Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) type-1 non-nucleoside and nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) are key drugs of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in the clinical management of acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS)/HIV infection. DISCUSSION First-generation NNRTIs, nevirapine (NVP), delavirdine (DLV) and(More)
A simple, sensitive and specific high-performance liquid chromatography method has been developed for the determination of nortriptyline (NT) in plasma samples. The assay involved derivatization with 9H-fluoren-9-ylmethyl chloroformate (Fmoc-Cl) and isocratic reversed-phase (C(18)) chromatography with fluorescence detection. The developed method required(More)
The time-dependent elimination kinetics of all-trans-retinoic acid (ATRA) has been associated with autoinduction of its metabolism and has led to the hypothesis that rapid development of acquired clinical resistance to ATRA may be prevented by coadministration of metabolic inhibitors. This study in rats was performed to investigate the pharmacokinetics and(More)
Microparticles of chitosan (CHT) containing alendronate sodium (AL) were prepared in four drug:polymer ratios (1:1, 1:2, 1:4, 1:6) using the spray drying technique. The efficiency of the method was evaluated by determining production yield (about 70 %) and microencapsulation efficiency, which was almost 100 % in the case of all four of the formulations(More)
A simple, rapid, and sensitive HPLC method based on 9H-fluoren-9-ylmethyl chloroformate derivatization for the quantification of sertraline in rat plasma has been developed, requiring a plasma sample of only 0.1 mL, which was deproteinized and derivatized for 5 min in two single steps. The obtained derivative was stable at room temperature and was(More)