José Emilio Sánchez

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BACKGROUND Heart failure (HF) is a major health problem in developed countries. HF is a progressive, lethal disorder, even with adequate treatment. There exists a vicious circle in the pathophysiology of HF that perpetuates and magnifies the problem. Concomitant fluid accumulation may worsen the congestive HF, it is responsible for numerous hospitalizations(More)
We evaluated helminthic infection and anthropometric indicators of nutritional status in a group of school-age children from a slum area of Caracas, Venezuela. The proportions of children at or below the 10th percentiles for height/age and weight/age were significantly higher in those presenting helminthiasis than in those uninfected. Although this could(More)
Helminthic infection can stimulate the interleukin-4 (IL-4)-dependent polyclonal synthesis of immunoglobulin E (IgE) in children endemically exposed to these parasites. As such children are also frequently at nutritional risk, in this study we considered the possible influence of malnutrition on serum IL-4 levels and the IgE response in helminthic(More)
BACKGROUND Abnormalities in serum phosphorus, calcium and parathyroid hormone (PTH) have been associated with poor survival in haemodialysis patients. This COSMOS (Current management Of Secondary hyperparathyroidism: a Multicentre Observational Study) analysis assesses the association of high and low serum phosphorus, calcium and PTH with a relative risk of(More)
BACKGROUND Gingival hyperplasia is a known complication of cyclosporin therapy. Although plaque control has been shown to be of benefit, gingival surgery is occasionally necessary. The aim of this study was to review the effect of a short-course therapy with azithromycin in renal transplant patients with cyclosporin-induced gingival hyperplasia. METHODS(More)
Hyperphosphatemia has been associated with higher mortality risk in CKD 5 patients receiving dialysis. Here, we determined the association between the use of single and combined phosphate-binding agents and survival in 6797 patients of the COSMOS study: a 3-year follow-up, multicenter, open-cohort, observational prospective study carried out in 227 dialysis(More)
(Letter to the Editor) SIR, Erythromelalgia is an unusual disorder characterized by the triad of red, hot and painful extremities. The symptoms are exacerbated by heat and improved by cold. Its aetiology is not fully understood. Numerous different medications including aspirin, gabapentin, amitriptyline, benzodiazepines and opiates have been used in(More)
A case of herpes simplex virus (HSV) encephalitis with disseminated primary HSV infection in a renal transplant patient is described. The diagnosis of the disease was achieved by nested polymerase chain reaction (PCR)-DNA in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). Other diagnostic measures (immunoglobulin [Ig] M and virological cultures both in blood and CSF) were(More)
Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD) is a rare, systemic, nonfamilial histiocytic disorder, first described by Jakob Erdheim and William Chester in 1930. Infiltration of histiocytes produces a xanthogranulomatous tissue deposit in many organs, including skin, lungs, bones, kidneys, retro-orbital and periorbital tissues, pituitary-hypothalamic axis, heart, great(More)