José E Sian

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Reduced glutathione (GSH) and oxidized glutathione (GSSG) levels were measured in various brain areas (substantia nigra, putamen, caudate nucleus, globus pallidus, and cerebral cortex) from patients dying with Parkinson's disease, progressive supranuclear palsy, multiple-system atrophy, and Huntington's disease and from control subjects with no(More)
We examine the evidence for free radical involvement and oxidative stress in the pathological process underlying Parkinson's disease, from postmortem brain tissue. The concept of free radical involvement is supported by enhanced basal lipid peroxidation in substantia nigra in patients with Parkinson's disease, demonstrated by increased levels of(More)
Brain tissue from normal individuals with incidental Lewy bodies and cell loss in pigmented substantia nigra neurons (asymptomatic Parkinson's disease) and age-matched control subjects without nigral Lewy bodies was examined biochemically. There was no difference in dopamine levels or dopamine turnover in the caudate and putamen of individuals with(More)
The activities of enzymes related to glutathione synthesis, degradation, and function were analyzed in various brain regions (cerebral cortex, caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus, and substantia nigra) from patients dying with pathologically proven Parkinson's disease (PD) and multiple system atrophy (MSA), and from matched controls with no(More)
Disorders of the basal ganglia can be broadly divided into two: ones that manifest hypokinesia or those that elicit hyperkinesia. Parkinson's disease is the commonest form of hypokinetic disorder. The term Parkinson's disease (PD) usually encompasses idiopathic and Parkinsonianlike syndromes. PD is a chronic and progressive disease, in which the symptoms(More)
Hereditary dopaminergic mechanisms have been implicated in the aetiology of alcoholism. For this study, the distribution of a dopamine D3 receptor gene polymorphism (Ball) has been investigated in patients suffering from alcohol dependence, and compared with non-dependent controls. The allele A1 occurred significantly more frequently among patients compared(More)
Absence of the septum pellucidum in the human is a rare congenital anomaly. Previous reports suggest it is almost always associated with other brain anomalies. However, MRI in two patients with absence of the septum pellucidum presented here, indicates that this anomaly may occur without associated anomalies. It may be one manifestation of a spectrum of(More)
Oxidative stress is believed to play a decisive role in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease (PD). In addition, Lewy bodies, densely crosslinked intracellular protein deposits formed from cytoskeletal components, accumulate in presymptomatic stages of the disease. Recent findings indicate that "advanced glycation end products" (AGEs) are the major(More)