José Carlos de Freitas

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The halitoxin complex from the marine sponge Amphimedon viridis, collected in the São Sebastião channel (southeastern Brazilian coast), was isolated by gel-filtration chromatography on Sephadex LH-20. Spectroscopic data (1H, 13C and 2D-NMR) of halitoxin from A. viridis indicated that it has the same two alkylpyridine monomers composition of the previously(More)
Sea anemones produce a wide variety of biologically active compounds, such as the proteinaceous neurotoxins and cytolysins. Herein we report a new peptide, purified to homogeneity from the neurotoxic fraction of B. caissarum venom, by using gel filtration followed by rp-HPLC, naming it as BcIV. BcIV is a 41 amino acid peptide (molecular mass of 4669 amu)(More)
Peptide neurotoxins were isolated from the venom obtained by electrical stimulation of the sea anemone Bunodosoma caissarum. This technique allows almost pure venom to be collected, and the animals to survive. Three neurotoxins (assayed on crustacean nerves) were isolated by gel filtration and reversed-phase high performance liquid chromatography.(More)
The few reports about diatom toxins are related to central nervous system toxicity, induced by domoic acid. In the present work Nitzschia sp. (Bacillariophyceae) was studied. The cells were cultured in f/2 medium, under 4000 lux and 14/10 hr light/dark cycle. After massive growth (5 x 10(6) cells/ml) the diatom cells were filtered, and an extract was(More)
Toxicity and toxin identification in Colomesus asellus, an Amazonian (Brazil) freshwater puffer fish. By using four different techniques--mouse bioassay, ELISA, HPLC and mass spectrometry-we evaluated the toxicity in the extracts of C. asellus, a freshwater puffer fish from the rivers of the Amazon, and identified for the first time the components(More)
Sea anemone venoms have become a rich source of peptide toxins which are invaluable tools for studying the structure and functions of ion channels. In this work, BcsTx3, a toxin found in the venom of a Bunodosoma caissarum (population captured at the Saint Peter and Saint Paul Archipelago, Brazil) was purified and biochemically and pharmacologically(More)
Two cationic proteins, C1 and C3, were purified to homogeneity from the hemolytic fraction of the venom of Bunodosoma caissarum sea anemone. The purification processes employed gel filtration followed by ion exchange chromatography, being the purity and molecular mass confirmed by SDS-PAGE and mass spectrometry. Protein C1 represented the second major peak(More)
In our search for marine bioactive compounds we chose a Brazilian Coast sponge, Geodia corticostylifera (Demospongiae), whose extracts showed previously antibacterial and antifungal activities. In the present work we studied the following toxic properties of G. corticostylifera extract: neurotoxic (in mouse neuromuscular junction); mouse acute toxicity (IP)(More)
Carnivorous mollusks belonging to the genus Conus paralyze their prey by injecting a rich mixture of biologically active peptides. Conus regius is a vermivorous member of this genus that inhabits Brazilian tropical waters. Inter-, intra-species and individual variations of cone snail venom have been previously reported. In order to investigate(More)
In contrast to the many studies on the venoms of scorpions, spiders, snakes and cone snails, up to now there has been no report of the proteomic analysis of sea anemones venoms. In this work we report for the first time the peptide mass fingerprint and some novel peptides in the neurotoxic fraction (Fr III) of the sea anemone Bunodosoma cangicum venom. Fr(More)