José Carlos Machado

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BACKGROUND & AIMS Pro-inflammatory polymorphisms within the genes interleukin (IL)-1B and IL-1RN are associated with risk for gastric carcinoma (GC) in Helicobacter pylori-infected individuals. We aimed to determine the association between variation of the tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha gene and the risk for chronic atrophic gastritis (CAG) and GC. We(More)
PURPOSE Epidermal growth factor (EGF) plays a critical role in cancer. A polymorphism in the EGF gene (EGF+61) may influence its expression and contribute to cancer predisposition and aggressiveness. In the present study, we aimed to elucidate the role of EGF+61 in glioma susceptibility and prognosis. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN A case-control study involving 197(More)
It has been demonstrated that polymorphisms within inflammation-related genes are associated with risk of gastric carcinoma in Helicobacter pylori-infected individuals. Recently, several studies have reported conflicting results regarding the association between the interleukin (IL)8-251*T/*A polymorphism and risk of gastric carcinoma. In this study, we(More)
A wide variety of tumours show PIK3CA mutations leading to increased phosphatidylinositol-3 kinase (PI3K) activity. We have determined the frequency of PIK3CA mutations in exons 9 and 20 that has previously been reported as mutational hotspot regions in distinct tumour models. One hundred and fifty gastrointestinal carcinomas (47 gastric and 103 colorectal)(More)
E-cadherin germ-line mutations have recently been described as a molecular basis for early-onset familial gastric cancer in Maori kindred. We screened 18 gastric cancer families of European origin for germ-line mutations to determine the proportion in which E-cadherin mutations occur and the clinical characteristics of the affected families. Truncating(More)
The introduction of the benchtop massive parallel sequencers made it possible for the majority of clinical diagnostic laboratories to gain access to this fast evolving technology. In this study, using the Ion Torrent Personal Genome Machine, we present a strategy for the molecular diagnosis of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer and respective analytical(More)
BACKGROUND Both Helicobacter pylori genotype and host genetic polymorphisms play a role in determining the clinical consequences of H. pylori infection. We investigated whether there are any combinations of bacterial and host genotypes that are particularly associated with the occurrence of gastric carcinoma. METHODS Genotypic variations in(More)
The expression of trefoil peptides (TFF1 and TFF2) and mucins (MUC1, MUC2, MUC5AC, and MUC6) has previously been described in gastric polyps. In the present study, the expression profile of these trefoil peptides and mucins was characterized in 96 gastric carcinomas, in an attempt to further the understanding of the histogenesis and cell differentiation of(More)
BACKGROUND NOD2/CARD15 was described as the first susceptibility gene to Crohn's disease (CD). Polymorphisms in the TNFA gene and in the IL1 gene cluster, which are associated with an enhanced chronic inflammatory response, may also play a role in the development of CD. The aim of this study was to determine the association of polymorphisms in the CARD15,(More)
The International Gastric Cancer Linkage Consortium (IGCLC) predicted that up to 25% of families fulfilling the criteria for hereditary diffuse gastric cancer (HDGC) would harbor CDH1 germline mutations. This was based on observations from the low number of diffuse gastric cancer families described at the time, and its validation would require analysis of(More)