José Carlos Fernández-Morales

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Compound ITH33/IQM9.21 (ITH/IQM) belongs to a new family of l-glutamic acid derivatives with antioxidant and neuroprotective properties on in vitro and in vivo models of stroke. Because neuronal damage after brain ischemia is tightly linked to excess Ca2+ entry and neuronal Ca2+ overload, we have investigated whether compound ITH/IQM antagonises the(More)
The concept of stimulus-secretion coupling was born from experiments performed in chromaffin cells 50 years ago. Stimulation of these cells with acetylcholine enhances calcium (Ca(2+)) entry and this generates a transient elevation of the cytosolic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](c)) that triggers the exocytotic release of catecholamines. The control of the(More)
The cardiovascular protecting effect of the grape fruit trans-resveratrol has been explained among other factors, through augmentation of nitric oxide (NO) production in cardiovascular tissues. Another effect of low resveratrol concentration is the inhibition of single-vesicle quantal release of catecholamine from bovine adrenal chromaffin cells, that was(More)
Positive allosteric modulation of α7 isoform of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (α7-nAChRs) is emerging as a promising therapeutic approach for central nervous system disorders such as schizophrenia or Alzheimer's disease. However, its effect on Ca(2+) signaling and cell viability remains controversial. This study focuses on how the type II positive(More)
Studies on the bulk catecholamine release from fetal and neonatal rat adrenals, adrenal slices, or isolated chromaffin cells stimulated with high K(+), hypoxia, hypercapnia, or acidosis are available. However, a study analyzing the kinetics of quantal secretion is lacking. We report here such a study in which we compare the quantal release of catecholamines(More)
Skeletal muscle can be engineered by converting dermal precursors into muscle progenitors and differentiated myocytes. However, the efficiency of muscle development remains relatively low and it is currently unclear if this is due to poor characterization of the myogenic precursors, the protocols used for cell differentiation, or a combination of both. In(More)
The cardiovascular protecting effects of resveratrol, an antioxidant polyphenol present in grapes and wine, have been attributed to its vasorelaxing effects and to its anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, and antiplatelet actions. Inhibition of adrenal catecholamine release has also been recently implicated in its cardioprotecting effects. Here, we have studied(More)
Mitochondria regulate cellular Ca(2+) oscillations, taking up Ca(2+) through its uniporter and releasing it through the mitochondrial sodium/calcium exchanger. The role of mitochondria in the regulation of Ca(2+) cycle has received much attention recently, as it is a central stage in neuronal survival and death processes. Over the last decades, the(More)
Calcium buffering by mitochondria plays a relevant physiological function in the regulation of Ca2+ and exocytotic signals in mature chromaffin cells (CCs) from various adult mammals. Whether a similar or different role of mitochondrial Ca2+ buffering is present in immature CCs at early life has not been explored. Here we present a comparative study in rat(More)
Methylmercury, a potent environmental pollutant responsible for fatal food poisoning, blocked calcium channels of bovine chromaffin cells in a time- and concentration-dependent manner with an IC50 of 0.93 μM. This blockade was not reversed upon wash-out and was greater at more depolarising holding potentials (i.e. 21 % at −110 mV and 60 % at −50 mV, after 3(More)