José Carlos Carraro-Eduardo

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Resveratrol, a phenolic compound found in various plants, including grapes, berries, and peanuts, shows promise for the treatment of cancer, aging, type 2 diabetes, and cardiovascular diseases. Resveratrol can promote transcription factor nuclear factor-erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) activation, increase the expression level of SIRT-1, which is a(More)
BACKGROUND Elevated serum uric acid has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular disease and with inflammation, but these have been little explored in chronic kidney disease (CKD). Elevated uric acid levels are common in CKD patients and could be involved in inflammatory milieu; our aim was to analyze the association between uric acid and(More)
1. There is clinical and experimental evidence that females are more susceptible to gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity. To assess the role of sex as a risk factor in aminoglycoside-related acute renal failure 16 groups of five 120 +/- 15-day old (young adult) Wistar rats of both sexes, castrated and non-castrated, were treated with gentamicin. These rats(More)
INTRODUCTION Resveratrol is a phenolic compound that has demonstrated anti-inflammatory and antioxidant effects, resulting from enhanced antioxidant enzymes production and modulating nuclear factors involved in the inflammation-oxidative stress cycle, as nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). OBJECTIVE The study aim was(More)
The urinary tract is the most common site of bacterial infections. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) in women without urinary tract anatomic abnormalities require frequent and repeated use of antibiotics, increasing the prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant microorganisms. The possibility of an alternative approach, with the use of vaccines produced from(More)
INTRODUCTION Contrast-induced nephropathy (CIN) is a major iatrogenic cause of acute kidney injury. Experimental studies have shown that intravascular injection causes intense vacuolization of the contrast agent in the proximal renal tubules cells, preceding the increase in serum creatinine, and that the female may be at a higher risk for CIN. OBJECTIVE(More)
CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVES Urinary tract infections are the most common cause of hospital-acquired infections, and the use of indwelling urinary catheters is a predisposing factor for their development. The aims of this study were to estimate the frequency of pre and postoperative bacteriuria, identify the microorganisms involved, count the colony-forming(More)
INTRODUCTION Gut microbiota is involved in generation of uremic toxins in chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients on hemodialysis (HD), like indoxyl sulfate (IS) that is originated from tryptophan amino acid fermentation. OBJECTIVE To evaluate the tryptophan intake by chronic renal failure patients on HD and its possible relationship with IS plasma levels.(More)
This study aimed to evaluate the association among the expressions of pro- and anti-inflammatory nuclear factors (nuclear factor-kappaB, NF-κB and nuclear erythroid 2-related factor 2, Nrf2) and nutritional status in HD patients. This cross-sectional study included eighty-three HD patients. The peripheral blood mononuclear cells were isolated and processed(More)
OBJECTIVE This study assessed acyl-ghrelin and obestatin plasma levels in nondialysis chronic kidney disease (CKD) and hemodialysis (HD) patients compared with healthy volunteers. DESIGN This was a cross-sectional study conducted at Renal Vida Clinic (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil) and Renal Nutrition Ambulatory (Niterói, Brazil). SUBJECTS Sixty-four subjects(More)
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