José C Areias

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OBJECTIVE To assess a possible relationship between ductus venosus blood flow abnormalities and cardiac defects in chromosomally normal fetuses with increased nuchal translucency thickness at 10-14 weeks of gestation. METHODS Ductus venosus Doppler ultrasound blood flow velocity waveforms were obtained at 10-14 weeks' gestation immediately before fetal(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate whether the cytosine-to-thymine mutation at base 677 of the methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene (MTHFR C677T), which has been associated with neural tube defects and congenital oral cleft, is also associated with tetralogy of Fallot (TF), a congenital heart disease. The MTHFR C677T genotype was investigated in a(More)
The functional role of the fetal ductus venosus (DV) is still poorly established. Few reports are available in the literature concerning assessment of fetal venous return during the late first trimester of pregnancy. Our objective was to determine the normal Doppler blood velocity waveform in the human fetal DV as early as 10-13 weeks gestation. Adopting(More)
The ultrasonographic measurement of nuchal translucency thickness at 10-13 weeks of gestation is accepted as an efficient method of screening for chromosomal abnormalities. However, the underlying mechanism producing increased nuchal translucency thickness is still poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the possible contribution of(More)
Twin-twin transfusion syndrome is a major complication of monochorionic twin pregnancies. In foetuses from monochorionic twinning the presence of increased nuchal translucency thickness (NT) has been associated with an increased risk of developing this syndrome. One of the presumed mechanisms of increased NT is early cardiac failure, indirectly indicated by(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine M-mode and Doppler echocardiographic reference values in healthy New Zealand white rabbits. ANIMALS 52 healthy male rabbits. PROCEDURES The rabbits were anesthetized and M-mode measurements of the left ventricle, left atrium, and aorta and Doppler measurements of pulmonary and aortic outflow and mitral inflow were recorded. (More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effects of left ventricular (LV) pressure overload and diabetes on the apelinergic system. RESEARCH DESIGN/METHODS Pressure overload was established in rats by supra-renal aortic-banding. Six weeks later, diabetes was induced by streptozotocin (65 mg/kg, intraperitoneal), resulting in four groups: sham, banded (BA), diabetic(More)
We report three cases of increased nuchal translucency at 12-13 weeks of gestation in three fetuses with trisomies 13, 18 and 21. All three fetuses were associated with anomalous venous return evaluated by Doppler ultrasonography. Complete pathological examination was performed following termination in each case. We suggest that alterations in the venous(More)
UNLABELLED Intracardiac echogenic foci are very frequent findings during routine fetal ultrasound examination and sometimes a reason for referral of patients for fetal echocardiography. OBJECTIVE To assess the incidence of echogenic intracardiac foci in a mixed population of fetuses at high and low risk for congenital heart defects, and to determine(More)
Knowledge of the fetal circulation is a prerequisite for understanding the physiological behaviour of the developing fetus. In this overview dealing with Colour and Power Doppler ultrasound findings in the first trimester of pregnancy and its pathophysiological background, we aim to report on the methodological aspects, normal blood flow waveform patterns,(More)