José Baruchel

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Two x-ray phase contrast imaging techniques are compared in a quantitative way for future mammographic applications: diffraction enhanced imaging (DEI) and phase propagation imaging (PPI). DEI involves, downstream of the sample, an analyser crystal acting as an angular filter for x-rays refracted by the sample. PPI simply uses the propagation (Fresnel(More)
The availability of three-dimensional measuring techniques coupled to specific image processing methods opens new opportunities for the analysis of bone structure. In particular, synchrotron radiation microtomography may provide three-dimensional images with spatial resolution as high as one micrometer. Moreover, the use of a monoenergetic synchrotron beam,(More)
The necessity of information about the inner microscopical features of low absorbing materials is one of the most important goals in the structural research field. So far, non destructive analysis have been performed using contact radiography giving the scope for great advances in the production and application of new materials. However, the nature of(More)
X-ray computed microtomography is particularly well suited for studying trabecular bone architecture, which requires three-dimensional (3-D) images with high spatial resolution. For this purpose, we describe a three-dimensional computed microtomography (microCT) system using synchrotron radiation, developed at ESRF. Since synchrotron radiation provides a(More)
In this paper we present a methodology based on 3D synchrotron radiation microtomography to analyze non-destructively 3D bone samples. After a technical presentation of the imaging system and the image analysis techniques, we report results on three-dimensional analysis of vertebral samples from women of different ages. The new capabilities of this(More)
With advances in x-ray microtomography, it is now possible to obtain three-dimensional representations of a material's microstructure with a voxel size of less than one micrometer. The Visible Cement Data Set represents a collection of 3-D data sets obtained using the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble, France in September 2000. Most of the(More)
Hard x rays from a synchrotron source are used in this implementation of computed laminography for three-dimensional (3D) imaging of flat, laterally extended objects. Due to outstanding properties of synchrotron light, high spatial resolution down to the micrometer scale can be attained, even for specimens having lateral dimensions of several decimeters.(More)
The radiotherapy clinical trials projects, both aiming at treating aggressive brain tumors, require several major modifications and new constructions at the ESRF ID17 Biomedical beamline. The application of the Stereotactic Synchrotron Radiation Therapy (SSRT) technique mainly necessitates an upgrade of the existing patient positioning system, which was(More)
Fractional Talbot images of optical gratings acting as periodic phase objects have been obtained by use of x rays of 0.069-nm wavelength from a third-generation synchrotron radiation source. Quantitative evaluation of the data obtained as a function of defocusing distance provides information on the lateral coherence of the beam as well as on the phase(More)
The lateral coherence length is of the order of 100 micron at the 'long' (145 m) ID19 beamline of the ESRF, which is mainly devoted to imaging. Most of the optical elements located along the X-ray path can thus act as ;phase objects', and lead to spurious contrast and/or to coherence degradation, which shows up as an enhanced effective angular size of the(More)