José B. Pagador

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Training and assessment paradigms for laparoscopic surgical skills are evolving from traditional mentor-trainee tutorship towards structured, more objective and safer programs. Accreditation of surgeons requires reaching a consensus on metrics and tasks used to assess surgeons' psychomotor skills. Ongoing development of tracking systems and software(More)
Laparoscopic techniques have nowadays become a gold standard in many surgical procedures, but they imply a more difficult learning skills process. Simulators have a fundamental role in the formative stage of new surgeons. This paper presents the construct and face validity of SINERGIA laparoscopic virtual reality simulator in order to decide whether it can(More)
PURPOSE To analyze the complications of laparoscopy in different vascular structures using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). MRI has become a key tool in laparoscopic surgery. During these procedures, pneumoperitoneum creation and placing the patient in the surgical position provoke different changes in the splachnic circulation. MATERIALS AND METHODS Ten(More)
In this paper, the development of an assisting system for laparoscopic surgical training is presented. With this system, we expect to facilitate the training process at the first stages of training in laparoscopic surgery and to contribute to an objective evaluation of surgical skills. To achieve this, we propose the insertion of multimedia contents and(More)
Different effects on cardiovascular and respiratory systems and liver are associated with pneumoperitoneum. This study aimed to determine the morphological changes in the abdominal anatomy as a result of increased intra-abdominal pressure due to pneumoperitoneum using MRI. Ten healthy female pigs were used in this study. MRI studies of the abdomen in supine(More)
Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) is a widely used surgical technique that requires a long training process due to its difficulty and complexity. We developed an Augmented Reality Haptic (ARH) System based on electromagnetic tracking devices for use in creation training models (computer-enhanced trainers), in computer-assisted surgery or telemanipulation(More)
1.1 Laparoscopic surgery Minimally Invasive Surgery (MIS) has changed the way surgery is performed in Operating Rooms (OR). MIS techniques are increasing their relevance in almost all surgical specialities, and have become the recommended standard in many procedures, displacing open surgery. Laparoscopy, one of the most common MIS approaches, has been(More)
The laparoscopic suturing task is a complex procedure that requires objective assessment of surgical skills. Analysis of laparoscopic suturing task components was performed to improve current objective assessment tools. Twelve subjects participated in this study as three groups of four surgeons (novices, intermediates and experts). A box-trainer and organic(More)
The level of realism in virtual reality trainers might not be proportional to its didactic value. As an example, three exercises to train suturing skills are proposed in this article. They use a discrete thread model with a simple but good enough behaviour, and constitute a training means for three laparoscopic skills: (1) Accurate grasping, which trains(More)
Laparoscopic surgery is commonly used in many surgical procedures but requires a learning process to develop the necessary skills. Virtual reality simulators play an essential role within the training curricula. This paper aims to determine whether training in SINERGIA VR simulator allows novice surgeons to improve their basic psychomotor laparoscopic(More)