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The present work describes, for the first time, the changes that take place in the leaf apoplastic antioxidant defenses in response to NaCl stress in two pea (Pisum sativum) cultivars (cv Lincoln and cv Puget) showing different degrees of sensitivity to high NaCl concentrations. The results showed that only superoxide dismutase, and probably(More)
Hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) increased the germination percentage of pea seeds, as well as the growth of seedlings in a concentration-dependent manner. The effect of H(2)O(2) on seedling growth was removed by incubation with 10 microm ABA. The H(2)O(2)-pretreatment produced an increase in ascorbate peroxidase (APX), peroxidase (POX) and ascorbate oxidase(More)
This work describes, for the first time, the changes taking place in the antioxidative system of the leaf apoplast in response to plum pox virus (PPV) in different Prunus species showing different susceptibilities to PPV. The presence of p-hydroxymercuribenzoic acid (pHMB)-sensitive ascorbate peroxidase (APX) (class I APX) and pHMB-insensitive APX (class(More)
Fur (ferric uptake regulator) protein is a DNA-binding protein which regulates iron-responsive genes. Recombinant Fur from the nitrogen-fixing cyanobacterium Anabaena PCC 7119 has been purified and characterized, and polyclonal antibodies obtained. The experimental data show that Fur from Anabaena dimerizes in solution with the involvement of disulphide(More)
In a previous publication, we showed that the treatment of pea seeds in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H(2)O(2)) increased germination performance as well as seedling growth. To gain insight into the mechanisms responsible for this behaviour, we have analysed the effect of treating mature pea seeds in the presence of 20 mm H(2)O(2) on several oxidative(More)
Embryogenic callus cultures of lemon (Citrus limon L. Burm f. cv Verna), were selected for resistance to salt stress (170 mM NaCl). Inorganic analysis showed that selected callus accumulated more Na+ and Cl- ions than the non-selected one. Moreover, the salt-tolerant C. limon callus exhibited an increase in the activity of antioxidant enzymes involved in(More)
In order to understand the role of cytosolic antioxidant enzymes in drought stress protection, transgenic tobacco (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Xanthi) plants overexpressing cytosolic Cu/Zn-superoxide dismutase (cytsod) (EC or ascorbate peroxidase (cytapx) (EC alone, or in combination, were produced and tested for tolerance against mild water(More)
In this work the activity of superoxide dismutase (SOD) and the enzymes of the ascorbate-glutathione (ASC-GSH) cycle were investigated in chloroplasts and mitochondria from leaves of Pisum sativum L. cv. Puget after 15 days treatment with 0-130 mM NaCl. The main chloroplastic SOD activity was due to CuZn-SOD II, which was increased significantly (about(More)
Salt marshes constitute major sinks for heavy metal accumulation but the precise impact of salinity on heavy metal toxicity for halophyte plant species remains largely unknown. Young seedlings of Kosteletzkya virginica were exposed during 3 weeks in nutrient solution to Cd 5 µM in the presence or absence of 50 mM NaCl. Cadmium (Cd) reduced growth and shoot(More)
The complete apoplastic enzymatic antioxidant system, composed by class I ascorbate peroxidases (class I APXs), class III ascorbate peroxidases (class III APXs), ascorbate oxidases (AAOs), and other class III peroxidases (PRX), of wood-forming tissues has been studied in Populus alba, Citrus aurantium, and Eucalyptus camaldulensis. The aim was to ascertain(More)