José Antonio López-Guerrero

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BACKGROUND Germline mutations in either of the two tumor-suppressor genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, account for a significant proportion of hereditary breast and ovarian cancer cases. Most of these mutations consist of deletions, insertions, nonsense mutations, and splice variants, however an increasing number of large genomic rearrangements have been identified in(More)
BACKGROUND Aromatase (CYP19A1) regulates estrogen biosynthesis. Polymorphisms in CYP19A1 have been related to the pathogenesis of breast cancer (BC). Inhibition of aromatase with letrozole constitutes the best option for treating estrogen-dependent BC in postmenopausal women. We evaluate a series of polymorphisms of CYP19A1 and their effect on response to(More)
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is characterized by intratumoral heterogeneity in both histomorphological and genetic changes, displaying a wide variety of numerical chromosome aberrations, the most common of which are trisomy 7 and monosomy 10. The amplification of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) gene is the most frequently reported genetic(More)
BACKGROUND Xenografts have been shown to provide a suitable source of tumor tissue for molecular analysis in the absence of primary tumor material. We utilized ES xenograft series for integrated microarray analyses to identify novel biomarkers. METHOD Microarray technology (array comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) and micro RNA arrays) was used to(More)
miRNAs are predicted to control the activity of approximately 60% of all protein-coding genes participating in the regulation of several cellular processes and diseases, including cancer. Recently, we have demonstrated that miR-187 is significantly downregulated in prostate cancer (PCa) and here we propose a proteomic approach to identify its potential(More)
Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are the most common mesenchymal soft tissue sarcoma of the gastrointestinal tract. Correct diagnosis with thorough use of pathologic and molecular tools of GIST mutations has been of the foremost importance. GIST are usually (95 %) KIT positive and harbor frequent KIT or platelet-derived growth factor receptor(More)
INTRODUCTION Circulating microRNAs are promising biomarkers for diagnosis, predication and prognostication of diseases. Lung cancer is the cancer disease accountable for most cancer deaths, largely due to being diagnosed at late stages. Therefore, diagnosing lung cancer patients at an early stage is crucial for improving the outcome. The purpose of this(More)
CXCR4, CCR7 and CCR10 chemokine receptors are known to be involved in melanoma metastasis. Our goal was to compare the relative intratumoral mRNA expression of these receptors with that of their corresponding chemokine ligands, CXCL12, CCL19, CCL21, and CCL27 across the full spectrum of human melanoma progression: thin and thick primary melanomas, as well(More)
Chondrosarcomas are malignant cartilage-forming tumors that represent the third most common malignant solid tumor of bone. In patients with grades II and III, local recurrence, increasing tumor size and dedifferentiation have been associated with lower survival rates. These biologically poorly-understood neoplasms vary considerably in clinical presentation(More)
Epithelial ovarian cancer (OC) is a common gynecologic malignancy in women. The standard treatment for OC is maximal cytoreductive surgical debulking followed by platinum-based chemotherapy. Despite the high response rate to primary therapy, approximately 85% of patients will develop recurrent ovarian cancer (ROC). This review identifies the clinical use of(More)