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The binding of 7-aminocoumarins, substituted in the 3-position with heterocyclic benzimidazole or benzothiazole groups by domain-forming polymers in water has been studied. The acrylic polyelectrolyte, poly(methacrylic) acid (PMAA) was used as a solubilizing agent for coumarin dyes 6, 7, and 30 in water. The acid-base properties of these bound coumarin dyes(More)
This paper presents a reflector recognition and localization technique in three-dimensional (3-D) environments, using only times-of-flight (TOFs) data obtained from ultrasonic transducers. The recognition and localization technique is based on the principal component analysis applied to the TOF vectors originating from a sensor that contains two emitting(More)
Beach waste and litter composition and evolution on popular urban (located in the main nucleus of the municipality) and urbanized (located in residential areas outside the main nucleus) beaches of the Costa Brava (Catalan coast) were assessed during the bathing season. Waste and litter production (amount and composition) were affected by urbanization and(More)
The stacking-fault and interfacial energies of three transformation-and twinning-induced plasticity steels (TRIP/TWIP) (Fe-22/25/28Mn-3Al-3Si wt.%) were determined by experimental and theoretical methods. Analysis of Shockley partial-dislocation configurations in the three alloys using weak-beam dark-field transmission electron microscopy yielded(More)
Complementary sequences are being employed to improve the results obtained in many sensorial systems where it is necessary to enhance the signal to noise ratio imposed by the environment. This improvement is achieved at the expense of increasing the computational complexity of the signal processing tasks. This work presents the hardware implementation of an(More)
It is accepted that the activity of the vehicle pedals (i.e., throttle, brake, clutch) reflects the driver's behavior, which is at least partially related to the fuel consumption and vehicle pollutant emissions. This paper presents a solution to estimate the driver activity regardless of the type, model, and year of fabrication of the vehicle. The solution(More)
On current railway systems, it is becoming ever more necessary to install safety elements to avoid accidents. One of the causes that can provoke serious accidents is the existence of obstacles on the tracks, either fixed or mobile. In this paper, a multisensory system that can inform the monitoring system about the existence of obstacles is proposed. The(More)
An advanced adaptive sonar module is described, capable of being configured to different circumstances and distances according to reflectors found in the environment. Thanks to the sensory distribution, it is possible to identify three basic types of reflector (planes, edges and corners). Furthermore, a heuristic map of the environment is built. The(More)