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Xenopus oocytes are a valuable aid for studying the molecular structure and function of ionic channels and neurotransmitter receptors. Their use has recently been extended by the demonstration that oocytes can incorporate foreign membranes carrying preassembled receptors and channels. Here we show that when reconstituted in an artificial lipid matrix and(More)
The results presented here demonstrate that p53 upregulates estrogen receptor-alpha (ER alpha) expression in the human breast cancer cell line MCF-7. Two approaches were used to alter the activity of p53 in the cells. In the first approach, stable transfectants expressing an antisense p53 were established. In the stable clones, expression of antisense p53(More)
Tyrosine phosphorylation of botulinum neurotoxins augments their proteolytic activity and thermal stability, suggesting a substantial modification of the global protein conformation. We used Fourier-transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy to study changes of secondary structure and thermostability of tyrosine phosphorylated botulinum neurotoxins A (BoNT A)(More)
Purified Acetylcholine Receptor (AcChR) from Torpedo has been reconstituted at low (approximately 1:3500) and high (approximately 1:560) protein to phospholipid molar ratios into vesicles containing egg phosphatidylcholine, cholesterol, and different dimyristoyl phospholipids (dimyristoyl phosphatidylcholine, phosphatidylserine, phosphatidylglycerol and(More)
The main goal of our study has been to analyze the efficiency of new anticancer drugs, specifically histone deacetylase inhibitors, in tumor cells bearing a multidrug resistance phenotype. We report that the histone deacetylase inhibitors, Trichostatin A and Suberoylanilide Hydroxamic Acid (SAHA), dramatically reduce cell viability and promote apoptosis in(More)
We selected a Leishmania tropica cell line resistant to daunomycin (DNM) that presents a multidrug-resistant (MDR) phenotype characterized by overexpression of a P-glycoprotein of 150 kDa. The resistant line overexpressed an MDR-like gene, called ltrmdr1, located in an extrachromosomal circular DNA. DNM uptake experiments using laser flow cytometry showed a(More)
The nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (AcChR) from Torpedo is a transmembrane glycoprotein composed of four different polypeptide subunits (a , p, y and 6) in a 2: 1 : 1 : 1 stoichiometry [ 1-31, Binding of cholinergic agonists to sites on extracellular domains of the AcChR elicits the formation of a transient cation channel within the protein, which is(More)
The antitumor activity of the histone deacetylase inhibitors was tested in three well-characterized pancreatic adenocarcinoma cell lines, IMIM-PC-1, IMIM-PC-2, and RWP-1. These cell lines have been previously characterized in terms of their origin, the status of relevant molecular markers for this kind of tumor, resistance to other antineoplastic drugs, and(More)
Ansamycins exert their effects by binding heat shock protein 90 (Hsp90) and targeting important signalling molecules for degradation via the proteasome pathway. We wanted to study the effect of geldanamycin (GA) and its derivative 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG) on glioblastoma cell lines. We show that these cells are growth inhibited by(More)
A photoactivatable steroid, p-azidophenacyl 3 alpha-hydroxy-5 beta-cholan-24- ate (APL), has been synthesized and used instead of cholesterol to functionally reconstitute purified acetylcholine receptor (AcChR) into vesicles made of asolectin phospholipids. Upon irradiation, the extent of AcChR photolabeling by APL is directly proportional to the amount of(More)