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The Strait of Gibraltar has been proposed to be the divide between two marine biogeographical regions, the Mediterranean Sea and the Northeast Atlantic. Intraspecific studies have shown, for several of the examined species, a reduction of gene flow between the two basins. The present study examines genetic variation at nuclear and mitochondrial loci in five(More)
Studies dealing with the electromyographic activity of masticatory muscles in patients with unilateral posterior crossbite are infrequent. The purpose of this study was to assess the electromyographic pattern of masticatory muscles at rest position, during swallowing, and during mastication, in 30 subjects with right posterior crossbite and to compare them(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the expression of an activator of nuclear factor-kappa (RANK), osteoprotegerin (OPG), osteopontin (OPN), and transforming growth factor ß1 (TGF-ß1) in gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) of teeth subjected to orthodontic forces. MATERIALS AND METHODS A randomized, pilot clinical trial including 10 healthy volunteers was conducted using a(More)
Sparids are a group of demersal perciform fish of high commercial value, which have experienced an extensive radiation, particularly in the Mediterranean, where they occupy a variety of different niches. The present study focuses on two species: Diplodus sargus and D. puntazzo, presenting a wide distribution from the Mediterranean to the eastern Atlantic(More)
It is generally assumed that children with posterior crossbites have abnormal mandibular movements; however, this assumption has not been clearly evaluated. The purpose of this investigation was to study the movements and the resting position of the mandible in 2 samples of 30 subjects, one aged 10 to 14 years with right posterior crossbite, the other aged(More)
The aim of this study was to evaluate masticatory muscle activity and kinematics of mandible changes in children with unilateral posterior cross-bite (UPXB) after orthodontic treatment, and one year after retention. Twenty-five children with UPXB and functional mandibular shift were evaluated before treatment (mean age 12.5years), after treatment (mean age(More)
INTRODUCTION Although chincups are the preferred treatment for growing children with mandibular prognathism, the mechanism by which chincups improve this condition remains unclear. The aim of this study was to use geometric morphometrics to evaluate changes in the shape of the mandible of prognathic children treated with a chincup. METHODS Geometric(More)
OBJECTIVE This study aims to evaluate the relationship between the total antioxidant capacity of saliva and the presence of dental caries in deciduous and permanent teeth, in a group of Saharan children. METHODS The dental examination was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the World Health Organization (WHO). The total antioxidant(More)
OBJECTIVES To test the hypothesis that midline basicranial orientation and posterior cranial base length are discriminating factors between adults of different populations and its potential maxillo/mandibular disharmonies. DESIGN Twenty-nine 2D landmarks of the midline cranial base, the face and the mandible of dry skull X-rays from three major(More)
OBJECTIVES To evaluate and compare electromyographic activity of jaw muscles at rest and during maximal voluntary clenching in maximal intercuspation between growing individuals with unilateral posterior cross-bite without functional mandibular lateral shift during closure and matched individuals with normal occlusion. These findings may help elucidate the(More)