José Antônio Guimarães Aleixo

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Leptospirosis, caused by bacteria of the genus Leptospira, is a direct zoonosis with wide geographical distribution. The implications in terms of public health and the economical losses caused by leptospirosis justify the use of a vaccine against Leptospira in human or animal populations at risk. In this study, we used the external membrane protein LipL32(More)
Pathogenic serovars of Leptospira have a wide antigenic diversity attributed mainly to the lipopolysaccharide present in the outer membrane. In contrast, antigens conserved among pathogenic serovars are mainly represented by outer membrane proteins. Surface exposure of a major and highly conserved outer membrane lipoprotein (LipL32) was recently(More)
BACKGROUND Leptospirosis is a zoonosis caused by highly motile, helically shaped bacteria that penetrate the skin and mucous membranes through lesions or abrasions, and rapidly disseminate throughout the body. Although the intraperitoneal route of infection is widely used to experimentally inoculate hamsters, this challenge route does not represent a(More)
A method for detection of Salmonella Typhimurium in meat samples that uses in-house monoclonal antibody (MAb) coated magnetic beads for immunomagnetic separation (IMS) associated with PCR amplification of the gene fimA was developed. An internal amplification control (IAC) of the PCR reaction was constructed. The fimA PCR has shown 100% sensitivity and(More)
LipL32 is the major lipoprotein in the membrane of pathogenic leptospira. In this work, we report on the production of monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) against recombinant LipL32 (rLipL32) and on the evaluation of their potential for use as reagents in diagnostic tests for leptospirosis. The MAbs were all of the IgG(2b) isotype and reacted specifically with(More)
The leptospiral LigA protein consists of 13 bacterial immunoglobulin-like (Big) domains and is the only purified recombinant subunit vaccine that has been demonstrated to protect against lethal challenge by a clinical isolate of Leptospira interrogans in the hamster model of leptospirosis. We determined the minimum number and location of LigA domains(More)
Two hybridomas secreting monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) that react with a lipoprotein (LipL32) of the outer membrane of pathogenic Leptospira were obtained. For hybridoma production, spleen cells from BALB/c mice imunized with recombinant LipL32 (rLipL32) were fused to SP2/O-Ag14 cells, selected in HAT medium and screened in an indirect ELISA. One MAb(More)
AIMS To determine the prevalence of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and serotypes and virulence markers of the STEC isolates from beef and dairy cattle in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. METHODS AND RESULTS Faecal samples from beef cattle were collected at slaughterhouses. The isolates were submitted to colony hybridization assay with specific(More)
The immunomagnetic separation (IMS) is a technique that has been used to increase sensitivity and specificity and to decrease the time required for detection of Salmonella in foods through different methodologies. In this work we report on the development of a method for detection of Salmonella in chicken cuts using in house antibody-sensitized microspheres(More)
Leptospirosis is an infectious disease caused by pathogenic spirochetes of the genus Leptospira. The illness is characterized by an acute bacteremic phase followed by an immune phase, in which specific antibodies are found in blood and leptospires are eliminated in urine. Novel diagnostic strategies for use in the acute phase of leptospirosis are needed(More)