José Angel Aguirre

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Mitochondrial dysfunction and oxidative stress occur in Parkinson’s disease (PD), but little is known about the molecular mechanisms controlling these events. Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma coactivator-1α (PGC-1α) is a transcriptional coactivator that is a master regulator of oxidative stress and mitochondrial metabolism. We show here that(More)
By using intratissue injections of colchicine and an indirect immunoperoxidase technique, we studied the distribution of cell bodies and fibers containing neuropeptide Y-like immunoreactivity in the brain stem of the cat. The densest clusters of immunoreactive perikarya were observed in the following nuclei: anteroventral cochlear, lateral reticular(More)
Neuropeptide Y-like immunoreactivity was studied in the thalamus of the cat using an indirect immunoperoxidase method. The densest network of immunoreactive fibers was observed in the nucleus (n.) paraventricularis anterior. In the anterior, intralaminar and midline thalamic nuclei, as well as in the n. geniculatum medialis, n. geniculatum lateralis, n.(More)
The effects of i.c.v. injection of AIDA, a group I mGluR antagonist, were studied on the nigral DA cells after MPTP-induced injury in the black mouse, using TH immunocytochemistry and unbiased stereology. MPTP reduced the total number of TH-IR neurons by 55.2% and non-TH-IR neurons by 27.5%. A 15 min AIDA pre-treatment (10 nmol) selectively counteracted the(More)
The role of the ATP-gated receptor, P2X7, has been evaluated in the unilateral 6-OHDA rat model of Parkinson’s disease using the P2X7 competitive antagonist A-438079. Nigral P2X7 immunoreactivity was mainly located in microglia but also in astroglia. A-438079 partially but significantly prevented the 6-OHDA-induced depletion of striatal DA stores. However,(More)
The mGluR5 antagonist MPEP was used to study the role of mGluR5 in MPTP-induced injury of the nigrostriatal DA neurons. The findings indicate that acute blockade of mGluR5 may result in neuroprotective actions against MPTP neurotoxicity on nigral DA cell bodies and striatal DA terminals using stereological analysis of TH immunoreactivity and(More)
Using an indirect immunoperoxidase technique, the location of somatostatin-28 (1-12)-like immunoreactive fibres and cell bodies in the cat diencephalon was studied. The hypothalamus was richer in somatostatin-28 (1-12)-like immunoreactive structures than the thalamus. A high density of immunoreactive fibres was observed in the nuclei habenularis lateralis,(More)
This paper examines the distribution of fibers and cell bodies containing alpha-neo-endorphin in the cat brain stem by using an indirect immunoperoxidase technique. A high or moderate density of immunoreactive cell bodies was found in the superior central nucleus, nucleus incertus, dorsal tegmental nucleus, nucleus of the trapezoid body, and in the laminar(More)
We have studied the distribution of neurokinin A-like immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers in the cat brainstem. The densest clusters of perikarya containing the peptide were observed in the periaqueductal gray, inferior colliculus, postpyramidal nucleus of the raphe, medial nucleus of the solitary tract and in the lateral reticular nucleus. By contrast,(More)
In view of the demonstration of specific binding sites for [125I]galanin-(1-15) in several brain areas including the nucleus of the solitary tract, possibly indicating the existence of multiple galanin receptor subtypes, the effects of intracisternal injections of galanin-(1-15) on cardiovascular parameters were studied. The effects of co-injections of(More)