José Alvarez-Sabín

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BACKGROUND Transcranial Doppler ultrasonography that is aimed at residual obstructive intracranial blood flow may help expose thrombi to tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA). Our objective was to determine whether ultrasonography can safely enhance the thrombolytic activity of t-PA. METHODS We treated all patients who had acute ischemic stroke due to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Uncontrolled expression of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) can result in tissue injury and inflammation. In animal models of cerebral ischemia, the expression of MMP-2 and MMP-9 was significantly increased. However, their role in human stroke in vivo remains unknown. Therefore, we sought to determine the temporal profile of MMP(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE No single neuroprotective agent has been shown to influence outcome after acute stroke. Citicoline has been studied worldwide in many clinical trials with positive findings, but only 1 trial has obtained significant results in the primary efficacy variables. Our objective was to evaluate the effects of oral citicoline in patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) expression is related to blood brain barrier disruption after cerebral ischemia. Moreover, MMP inhibitors reduce hemorrhagic transformation (HT) after embolic ischemia in tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA)-treated animals. We aimed to correlate plasmatic MMP levels with the appearance of intracranial bleeding(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Because there is no biologic marker offering precise information about stroke etiology, many patients receive a diagnosis of undetermined stroke even after all available diagnostic tests are done, precluding correct treatment. METHODS To examine the diagnostic value of a panel of biochemical markers to differentiate stroke(More)
BACKGROUND The mechanisms of cellular death in the tissue surrounding an intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) are not defined. OBJECTIVE To investigate the relationship of markers of excitotoxicity and inflammation to brain injury after ICH. METHODS A total of 124 consecutive patients with spontaneous ICH admitted within 24 hours of stroke onset were(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The role of early and delayed recanalization after thrombolysis in the development of hemorrhagic transformation (HT) subtypes remains uncertain. We sought to explore the association between the timing of recanalization and HT risk in patients with proximal middle cerebral artery (MCA) occlusion treated with intravenous recombinant(More)
Although statins are being used for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke, recent experimental data have shown new pleiotropic effects of these drugs responsible for their role in neuroprotection. We conducted a pilot, double-blind, randomized, multicenter clinical trial to study for the first time safety and efficacy of simvastatin in the acute phase of(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE After acute stroke, an increased level of C-reactive protein (CRP) measured at discharge predicts unfavorable outcome. We sought to investigate whether CRP measured before tissue plasminogen activator (tPA) treatments may add prognostic information to guide stroke thrombolysis. METHODS Our target was 151 consecutive patients with an(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Abnormal expression of some matrix metalloproteinases (MMP) has shown to play a deleterious role in brain injury in experimental models of cerebral ischemia. We aimed to investigate MMP-2 (gelatinase A) and MMP-9 (gelatinase B) in brain parenchyma in both ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes. METHODS Postmortem fresh brain tissue from 6(More)