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Polymerase gamma, which replicates and repairs mitochondrial DNA, requires the Pol gamma B subunit for processivity. We determined the crystal structure of mouse Pol gamma B, a core component of the mitochondrial replication machinery. Pol gamma B shows high similarity to glycyl-tRNA synthetase and dimerizes through an unusual intermolecular four-helix(More)
Mitochondrial DNA polymerase gamma (pol gamma) is responsible for replication and repair of mtDNA and is mutated in individuals with genetic disorders such as chronic external ophthalmoplegia and Alpers syndrome. pol gamma is also an adventitious target for toxic side effects of several antiviral compounds, and mutation of its proofreading exonuclease leads(More)
Peptide sequences obtained from the accessory subunit of Xenopus laevis mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) polymerase gamma (pol gamma) were used to clone the cDNA encoding this protein. Amino-terminal sequencing of the mitochondrial protein indicated the presence of a 44-amino-acid mitochondrial targeting sequence, leaving a predicted mature protein with 419 amino(More)
Presenilin 1-associated protein (PSAP) was first identified as a protein that interacts with presenilin 1. It was later reported that PSAP is a mitochondrial protein that induces apoptosis when overexpressed in cultured cells. PSAP is also known as mitochondrial carrier homolog 1 (Mtch1). In this study, we show that there are two proapoptotic PSAP isoforms(More)
IGF2, insulin-like growth factor 2, is implicated in myogenesis and lean meat content. A mutation in a single base (A for G substitution) of the gene for IGF2 (position 3072 in intron 3) has been recently described as the cause of a major QTL effect on muscle growth in pigs [Van Laere, A. S, Nguyen, M., Braunschweig, M., Nezer, C., Collete, C., & Moreau, L.(More)
This study reveals that the chick embryo has active the machinery for the production and degradation of the amyloid beta peptide characteristic of Alzheimer's disease. We cloned the principal beta-amyloid precursor protein isoforms in the chick embryo and observed that they are highly homologous to the human sequences and identical at the C-terminal(More)
MC4R, melanocortin-4 receptor, is involved in feed intake regulation. A mutation in a single base of MC4R, a G/A substitution in position 1426, has been linked to enhanced backfat thickness, average daily gain and daily feed intake. We present in this work a method to diagnose this mutation using real time PCR (RT-PCR) which allows rapid, cheap and reliable(More)
The function of the NaPiIIa renal sodium-phosphate transporter is regulated through a complex network of interacting proteins. Several PDZ domain-containing proteins interact with its COOH terminus while the small membrane protein MAP17 interacts with its NH(2) end. To elucidate the function of MAP17, we identified its interacting proteins using both(More)
Alzheimer's disease, characterized by deposits of amyloid β-peptide (Aβ), is the most common neurodegenerative disease, but it still lacks a specific treatment. We have discovered five chemically unrelated inhibitors of the in vitro aggregation of the Aβ17-40 peptide by screening two commercial chemical libraries. Four of them (1-4) exhibit relatively low(More)
We used the known sequence of the Saccharomyces cerevisiae DNA polymerase gamma to clone the genes or cDNAs encoding this enzyme in two other yeasts, Pychia pastoris and Schizosaccharomyces pombe, and one higher eukaryote, Xenopus laevis. To confirm the identity of the final X.laevis clone, two antisera raised against peptide sequences were shown to react(More)