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Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are a sub-population of cancer cells that possess characteristics associated with normal stem cells but with the peculiarity that they are tumourigenic. This property allows them to persist in the tumour population, causing relapse and metastasis by giving rise to new tumours. Accordingly, if the CSCs were eliminated, then the(More)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) play important roles in diverse biological processes and are emerging as key regulators of tumorigenesis and tumor progression. To explore the dysregulation of miRNAs in breast cancer, a genome-wide expression profiling of 939 miRNAs was performed in 50 breast cancer patients. A total of 35 miRNAs were aberrantly expressed between breast(More)
This study aimed to determine whether changes in initial restrictive pressures (IRP, tightness of the cuff before inflation with air) affect tissue oxygenation, lactate production and leg strength before, during and after knee extension exercises. The cuff was positioned on the right thigh, and the IRP of either 40-45 or 60-65 mmHg were applied randomly(More)
The molecular etiology of malignancy remains one of the most challenging disease processes under scientific investigation; therefore, improved approaches for their treatment are urgently needed. MicroRNAs are highly conserved nonprotein-coding RNAs that regulate gene expression. They are involved in important homeostatic processes, such as cellular(More)
In wild-type cells, autophagy represents a tumour-suppressor mechanism, and dysfunction of the autophagy machinery increases genomic instability, DNA damage, oxidative stress and stem/progenitor expansion, which are events associated with cancer onset. Autophagy occurs at a basal level in all cells depending on cell type and cellular microenvironment.(More)
The anti-HIV activities of two new polyanionic polymers (AM 242 and AM 612) were investigated in cell culture-based and biochemical antiviral assays. These compounds inhibited the reverse transcriptases from HIV-1 and HIV-2, using enzyme purified from virions and either a ribosomal RNA or gapped duplex DNA as the template. With the ribosomal RNA template,(More)