José A. Siles

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The Mediterranean basin has been identified as a biodiversity hotspot, about whose soil microbial diversity little is known. Intensive land use and aggressive management practices are degrading the soil, with a consequent loss of fertility. The use of organic amendments such as dry olive residue (DOR), a waste produced by a two-phase olive-oil extraction(More)
Shifts in soil microbial communities over altitudinal gradients and the driving factors are poorly studied. Their elucidation is indispensable to gain a comprehensive understanding of the response of ecosystems to global climate change. Here, we investigated soil archaeal, bacterial, and fungal communities at four Alpine forest sites representing a(More)
Dry olive residue (DOR) is a waste product derived from olive oil extraction and has been proposed as an organic amendment. However, it has been demonstrated that a pre-treatment, such as its transformation by saprophytic fungi, is required before DOR soil application. A greenhouse experiment was designed where 0 and 50 g kg−1 of raw DOR (DOR), Coriolopsis(More)
We studied the influence of indigenous arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) and saprobe fungi on the phytotoxicity of the physical fractions of dry olive mill residue (DOR). The physical extractions of DOR gave an aqueous (ADOR) and an exhausted (SDOR) fraction with less phytotoxicity for tomato than the original samples. The indigenous AM were able to decrease the(More)
Dry olive residue (DOR) is an abundant waste product resulting from a two-phase olive oil extraction system. Due to its high organic and mineral content, this material has been proposed as an organic soil amendment; however, it presents phytotoxic and microtoxic properties. Thus, a pretreatment is necessary before its application to soil. Among the(More)
Arbuscular mycorrhizal colonization of Sorghum vulgare in presence of root endophytic fungi of Myrtus communis a b s t r a c t A total of 150 isolates of endophytic fungi were obtained from roots of Myrtus communis grown in the Mediterranean area. Seven different endophytic fungi taxa, all belonging to the Ascomycota phylum were found. Arbuscular(More)
Microbial ecology has been recognized as useful in archaeological studies. At Archaic Monte Iato in Western Sicily, a native (indigenous) building was discovered. The objective of this study was the first examination of soil microbial communities related to this building. Soil samples were collected from archaeological layers at a ritual deposit (food waste(More)
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