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UNLABELLED Dopaminergic depletion in the nigrostriatal system is the neurochemical hallmark of Parkinson's disease (PD). Although numerous efforts have been made to determine the evolution of dopaminergic depletion in PD, "in vivo" data concerning the stages of this process are still scarce. We evaluated 6-[18F]-fluoro-l-DOPA ((18)F-DOPA) and(More)
In Burkitt lymphoma/leukemia (BL), achievement of complete remission with first-line chemotherapy remains a challenging issue, as most patients who respond remain disease-free, whereas those refractory have few options of being rescued with salvage therapies. The mechanisms underlying BL chemoresistance and how it can be circumvented remain undetermined. We(More)
Recent studies have suggested that alveolar nitric oxide (NO) concentration is a noninvasive test of distal lung inflammation. The current study determined whether alveolar NO concentration can be measured in patients with asthma of varying severity, tested the hypothesis that there is an association between alveolar NO and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL)(More)
Ischemia and reperfusion (I/R) result in surfactant dysfunction. Whether the impairment of surfactant is a consequence or a cause of intraalveolar edema formation is still unknown. The cumulative effects of lung perfusion, ischemic storage, and subsequent reperfusion on surfactant ultrastructure and pulmonary function were studied in a rat isolated perfused(More)
The aim of this study was to characterize early ultrastructural, biochemical, and functional alterations of the pulmonary surfactant system induced by Salmonella minnesota lipopolysaccharide (LPS) in rat lungs. Experimental groups were: (1) control in vitro, 150 min perfusion; (2) LPS in vitro, 150 min perfusion, infusion of 50 microg/ml LPS after 40 min;(More)
RATIONALE Lung cancer screening using computed tomography (CT) is effective in detecting lung cancer in early stages. Concerns regarding false-positive rates and unnecessary invasive procedures have been raised. OBJECTIVE To study the efficiency of a lung cancer protocol using spiral CT and F-18-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET).(More)
UNLABELLED Peripheral arterial occlusive disease (PAOD) is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity in the western world. The development of noninvasive methods for assessment and comparison of the efficacy of novel therapies in animal models is of great importance. METHODS Hindlimb ischemia was induced in nude mice by ligation and excision of the left(More)
Molecular imaging of breast cancer has undoubtedly permitted a substantial development of the overall diagnostic accuracy of this malignancy in the last years. Accurate tumour staging, design of individually suited therapies, response evaluation, early detection of recurrence and distant lesions have also evolved in parallel with the development of novel(More)
The aim of this study was to characterise pulmonary reimplantation injury in isolated, perfused rat lungs following 2 h of cold ischaemia, and 50 min. of in vitro reperfusion. The effects of 2 differently composed lung preservation solutions (low potassium Euro-Collins and Celsior; each n = 5) were examined in comparison with untreated, nonischaemic control(More)
PURPOSE To assess the influence of reconstruction algorithms and parameters on the PET image quality of brain phantoms in order to optimize reconstruction for clinical PET brain studies in a new generation PET/CT. METHODS The 3D Hoffman phantom that simulates (18)F-fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) distribution was imaged in a Siemens Biograph mCT TrueV PET/CT(More)