José A. Masero

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The use of distal rhynchokinesis, which consists of the movement of the distal part of the upper jaw with respect to the cranium, is well documented in long-billed shorebirds (Scolopacidae), commonly being associated with the deep probing feeding method. However, the functional and evolutionary significance of distal rhynchokinesis and other cranial kinesis(More)
Salt stress can suppress the immune function of fish and other aquatic animals, but such an effect has not yet been examined in air-breathing vertebrates that frequently cope with waters (and prey) of contrasting salinities. We investigated the effects of seawater salinity on the strength and cost of mounting an immune response in the dunlin Calidris(More)
Migratory shorebirds inhabit environments that may yield contrasting salinity-temperature regimes—with widely varying osmoregulatory demands, even within a given species—and the question is: by which physiological means and at which organisational level do they show adjustments with respect to these demands? Red knots Calidris canutus winter in coastal(More)
Environmental conditions during early development may differentially affect male and female offspring, and the effects of this sex–environment interaction in chick performance may be exaggerated under harsh conditions. In birds, most of the currently available evidence on sex-biased environmental sensitivity in nestlings is derived from species that display(More)
There is a large literature dealing with daily foraging routines of wild birds during the non-breeding season. While different laboratory studies have showed that some bird activity patterns are a persistent property of the circadian system, most of field studies preclude the potential role of an endogenous circadian rhythm in controlling bird’s foraging(More)
Combined physiological and behavioural responses to salt loads during development have rarely been studied in air-breathing vertebrates able to inhabit hypersaline habitats, but they may be of particular importance in understanding, for example, the differences among species in patterns of habitat use or ontogenetic diet switches. Here, we compared the(More)
Worldwide, low-salinity ponds of coastal saltpans are often drained for artisanal fishing, at which time shorebirds feed opportunistically on the drained ponds. This case study sought to examine how shorebirds exploit this food supply after experimentally draining a large pond (9.1 ha) used for artisanal fishing at the Tagus estuary, Portugal. Shorebirds(More)
The unusually high quality of census data for large waterbirds in Europe facilitates the study of how population change varies across a broad geographical range and relates to global change. The wintering population of the greylag goose Anser anser in the Atlantic flyway spanning between Sweden and Spain has increased from 120 000 to 610 000 individuals(More)
The study of variations in plasma metabolite profiles has emerged as a useful physiological tool to assess fuel deposition rates from a single blood sample. Diet may be a key factor in the study of refueling patterns in long-distance migratory birds, but the potential confounding effect of diet on the conclusions drawn from plasma metabolites has rarely(More)
Migratory shorebirds are exposed to a wide range of pathogens along their migratory flyways, but their capacity to acquire or spread pathogens beyond endemic areas is poorly known. We focused on the spillover and acquisition of mosquito-borne pathogens such as haemosporidians and West Nile virus (WNV) on key-staging Iberian wetlands during different(More)