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Indirect evidences suggest that acetylation phenotype categories are heterogeneous and that subcategories, related to specific NAT2 variant alleles might exist. We analyzed the in vivo acetylation phenotype and genotype in 504 north-American subjects of Caucasian origin. The analyses of the SNPs rs1801280 and rs1799930 allowed the discrimination of five(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and the linkage distribution of seven mutations at the polymorphic gene coding for the arylamine N-acetyl transferase (NAT2; EC 2.3.1.5) in 121 unrelated patients with sporadic PD and in 121 unrelated healthy volunteers. METHODS The study was performed with mutation-specific PCR using genomic DNA obtained from blood of(More)
UNLABELLED Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) are the drugs most frequently involved in hypersensitivity drug reactions. Histamine is released in the allergic response to NSAIDs and is responsible for some of the clinical symptoms. The aim of this study is to analyze clinical association of functional polymorphisms in the genes coding for(More)
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES Slowing of motor performance in human aging is a well demonstrated clinical observation. Information on the influence of gender in motor performance is less well-established. With the aim of analyzing the possible influence of age and gender in motor performance, we studied basic motor function in a large series of healthy sex-matched(More)
The blood-brain barrier supplies brain tissues with nutrients and filters certain compounds from the brain back to the bloodstream. In several neurodegenerative diseases, including Parkinson's disease (PD), there are disruptions of the blood-brain barrier. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) has been widely investigated in PD and in other parkinsonian syndromes with(More)
OBJECTIVE We analyzed in patients with essential tremor (ET) the Thr105Ile polymorphism of the Histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT) enzyme that is associated to Parkinson's disease (PD) risk. METHODS Leukocytary DNA from 204 ET patients and a control group of 295 unrelated healthy individuals was studied for the nonsynonymous HNMT Thr105Ile polymorphism(More)
OBJECTIVE To analyze genetically based impairment in histamine-metabolising enzymes in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). METHODS Leukocytary DNA from 214 PD patients and a control group of 295 unrelated healthy individuals was studied for nonsynonymous histamine N-methyltransferase (HNMT) and diamine oxidase (ABP1) polymorphisms by using(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The question whether patients with essential tremor (ET) have slowed movements as part of their clinical manifestations is still a matter of controversy. We analyzed basic motor function in patients with ET and in healthy matched controls. METHODS We studied 61 patients with ET and 122 age- and sex-matched controls. Evaluation(More)
Glutathione-S-transferases (GST) are polymorphic enzymes that participate in the metabolism of carcinogens (including those of tobacco smoke) and pesticides. We investigated the possible association between the GSTP1 genotype and allelic variants and the risk for essential tremor (ET). We studied the frequency of the GSTP1 genotypes and allelic variants in(More)
BACKGROUND Some epidemiological, genetic, and experimental data suggest a possible role of vitamin D in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) and in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. Data on the possible contribution of several single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNP) in the vitamin D receptor (VDR) gene to the risk for MS are controversial.(More)