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7-(1,1-Dimethylethyl)-6-(2-ethyl-2H-1,2,4-triazol-3-ylmethoxy)-3-(2-fluorophenyl)-1,2,4-triazolo[4,3-b]pyridazine (TPA023) is a triazolopyridazine that binds with equivalent high (subnanomolar) affinity to the benzodiazepine binding site of recombinant human GABA(A) receptors containing an alpha1, alpha2, alpha3, or alpha5 subunit but has partial agonist(More)
The GABA(A) receptor subtypes responsible for the anxiolytic effects of nonselective benzodiazepines (BZs) such as chlordiazepoxide (CDP) and diazepam remain controversial. Hence, molecular genetic data suggest that alpha2-rather than alpha3-containing GABA(A) receptors are responsible for the anxiolytic effects of diazepam, whereas the anxiogenic effects(More)
Nonselective inverse agonists at the gamma-aminobutyric acid(A) (GABA-A) benzodiazepine binding site have cognition-enhancing effects in animals but are anxiogenic and can precipitate convulsions. Herein, we describe novel GABA-A alpha5 subtype inverse agonists leading to the identification of 16 as an orally active, functionally selective compound that(More)
The identification of a novel series of 7,8,9,10-tetrahydro-(7,10-ethano)-1,2,4-triazolo[3,4-a]phthalazines as GABA(A)alpha5 inverse agonists, which have both binding and functional (efficacy) selectivity for the benzodiazepine binding site of alpha5- over alpha1-, alpha2-, and alpha3-containing GABA(A) receptor subtypes, is described. Binding selectivity(More)
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS Postoperative fistulae occur frequently in standard surgical practice, but there is no general agreement on how to treat them. We summarize here our experience with endoscopic treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS Postoperative digestive fistulae resistant to conservative treatment, in 15 patients, are retrospectively reviewed. Our(More)
Three different surface-enhanced Raman scattering (SERS) spectra are recorded for aspartic acid on H(2)O silver sols under different concentrations and pH values. The analysis of the results shows that it interacts with the metal surface in its dianionic form in two different ways, depending on the pH and concentration. Moreover, in some cases the fumarate(More)
BACKGROUND The use of a computerized anesthesia information management system provides an opportunity to scan case records electronically for deviations from specific limits for physiologic variables. Anesthesia department policy may define such deviations as intraoperative incidents and may require anesthesiologists to report their occurrence. The actual(More)
AIM To study the blood-brain barrier integrity, brain edema, animal behavior and ammonia plasma levels in prehepatic portal hypertensive rats with and without acute liver intoxication. METHODS Adults male Wistar rats were divided into four groups. Group I: sham operation; II: Prehepatic portal hypertension, produced by partial portal vein ligation; III:(More)
A novel series of 3-heteroaryl-5,6-bis(aryl)-1-methyl-2-pyridones were developed with high affinity for the benzodiazepine (BZ) binding site of human gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA(A)) receptor ion channels, low binding selectivity for alpha 2- and/or alpha 3- over alpha 1-containing GABA(A) receptor subtypes and high binding selectivity over alpha 5(More)