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Water immersion-induced grooming sequences and open field behaviour were studied in two sublines of Sprague-Dawley rats, Rattus norvegicus, selectively bred for high-(HY) and low-yawning (LY) frequency. HY rats were more active than LY rats in the open field: ambulation, rearings and wall-leanings were significantly higher in the former than in the latter(More)
The synthesis and pharmacological activity of a new series of 1-arylpyrazoles as potent σ(1) receptor (σ(1)R) antagonists are reported. The new compounds were evaluated in vitro in human σ(1)R and guinea pig σ(2) receptor (σ(2)R) binding assays. The nature of the pyrazole substituents was crucial for activity, and a basic amine was shown to be necessary, in(More)
Immunocytochemical labeling of the transcription factor c-Fos was used to determine whether wheel running (WR) activates nucleus accumbens (NAcc) neurons in naive male Balb/c mice. The results indicate compared to novel environment exploration and forced locomotor activity, WR increases c-Fos labeling in the middle level of the core but not the shell of the(More)
Although the 5-hydroxytryptamine(6) (5-HT(6)) receptor was discovered only recently, its almost exclusive distribution in the brain makes it a promising, novel, target for central nervous system (CNS)-mediated diseases such as Alzheimer's disease (cognitive function), schizophrenia, anxiety and obesity. In the past few years a significant research interest(More)
Based on a medicinal chemistry guided hypothetical pharmacophore model, novel series of indolyl sulfonamides have been designed and prepared as selective and high-affinity serotonin 5-HT(6) receptor ligands. Furthermore, based on a screening approach of a discovery library, a series of benzoxazinepiperidinyl sulfonamides were identified as selective 5-HT(6)(More)
Multiple-specificity ligands are considered promising pharmacological tools that may show higher efficacy in the treatment of diseases for which the modulation of a single target is therapeutically inadequate. We prepared a set of novel ligands for D1 and D2 dopamine receptors by combining two indolo[2,3-a]quinolizidine scaffolds with various tripeptide(More)
BACKGROUND The freshwater snail Indoplanorbis exustus is found across India, Southeast Asia, central Asia (Afghanistan), Arabia and Africa. Indoplanorbis is of economic importance in that it is responsible for the transmission of several species of the genus Schistosoma which infect cattle and cause reduced livestock productivity. The snail is also of(More)
A large number of therapeutic roles have been proposed for sigma(1) receptors but the involvement of sigma(1) receptor in non-acute pain had not been well explored up to now. sigma(1) receptor knock-out mice became available offering us the possibility to study the role of sigma(1) receptor in nociception, particularly in models where central sensitization(More)
Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways that involves many cell types, amongst which mast cells are known to be important. Adenosine, a potent bronchoconstricting agent, exerts its ability to modulate adenosine receptors of mast cells thereby potentiating derived mediator release, histamine being one of the first mediators to be released.(More)