José Luiz Gomes do Amaral

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CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE Preoperative glucocorticoid administration has been proposed for reducing postoperative morbidity. This is not widely used before esophageal resection because of incomplete knowledge regarding its effectiveness. The aim here was to assess the effects of preoperative glucocorticoid administration in adults undergoing esophageal(More)
We investigated the effects of propofol on markers of oxidative stress, nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappaB) activation and inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS) expression in liver of rats treated with halothane under hypoxic conditions. Male Wistar rats received halothane 1%/oxygen 14%, oxygen 14%/propofol 60 mg kg(-1) i.p., or halothane 1%/oxygen(More)
654 September 2014 A IRWAY management in patients with previous extensive facial surgery can be challenging. We report, after patient’s written consent, a method for transorbital intubation in a 46-yr-old man with partial maxillectomy and right orbital exenteration. Physical examination revealed limited mouth opening, Mallampati 4, and adequate sternomental(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Malignant Hyperthermia (MH) is an uncommon but potentially lethal disease associated to halogenate agents and/or succinylcholine exposure. Resulting mortality and morbidity may be decreased by early diagnosis and specific treatment, including sodium dantrolene. Brazil has approximately 160 million inhabitants assisted by more than(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Monitoring of vital functions is one of the most important tools in the management of critically ill patients. Nowadays is possible to detect and analyze a great deal of physiologic data using a lot of invasive and non-invasive methods. The intensivist must be able to select and carry out the most appropriate monitoring technique(More)
INTRODUCTION Central venous oxygen saturation (SvcO2) has been proposed as an alternative for mixed venous oxygen saturation (SvO2), with a variable level of acceptance according to available data. This study aimed to evaluate possible differences between SvO2 and SvcO2 or atrial venous saturation (SvaO2), with emphasis on the role of cardiac output and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Cardiac output and preload as absolute data do not offer helpful information about the hemodynamic of critically ill patients. However, monitoring the response of these variables to volume challenge or inotropic drugs is a very useful tool in the critical care setting, particularly for patients with signs of tissue hypoperfusion.(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Dexmedetomidine is a highly selective alpha2-adrenoceptor agonist used in anesthesia for its hypnoanalgesic and cardiovascular effects. Stimulation of alpha2-adrenoceptors may determine pro and anti-platelet aggregation effects through direct and indirect mechanisms. This study aimed at determining the effects of dexmedetomidine on(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES This study aims to describe the view of family members about the quality of care given in a general intensive care unit of a university hospital. METHODS A questionnaire to evaluate the level of satisfaction with the care was elaborated. The study included family members of patients with a length of stay more than 48h who already(More)