Jorun Engeset

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Seven hundred and fifty-seven consecutive patients undergoing a midline abdominal incision were stratified according to age, sex, type of operation and degree of operative contamination and were randomly allocated to mass closure of the abdominal wall with continuous 4 metric polydioxanone (PDX; 374 patients) or continuous 4 metric polypropylene (PPL; 383(More)
1. Human hepatocytes were cryopreserved for up to 14 days at -80 degrees C and the cryoprotection offered by different media investigated in terms of post-thaw cell viability and function. 2. Optimal cryoprotection was offered by a solution containing dimethylsulphoxide, propylene glycol, acetamide and polyethylene glycol 8000 in Leibowitz L15 medium. 3.(More)
OBJECTIVES to review our experience of combined aortic and colonic surgery. DESIGN retrospective review. METHODS synchronous aortic and colorectal procedures were identified from prospective computerised audit and archival vascular records. Clinical parameters were used as surrogates for measuring clinical outcome. RESULTS six patients (F:M=2:1),(More)
The stabilities of several drug oxidation and conjugation pathways in human adult hepatocytes have been investigated during 72 hr culture. Cytochrome P-450-dependent mixed function oxidase was measured by the O-dealkylations of ethoxyresorufin (EROD), pentoxyresorufin (PROD) and benzyloxyresorufin (BROD), which are probes for different isozymes of(More)
Human, rat, and dog phase I and phase II xenobiotic metabolism in precision-cut liver slices and freshly isolated hepatocytes was compared using a range of substrates. Carbamazepine (50 microM) and styrene (2 mM) were used as probes to study the maintenance of cytochrome P450 and epoxide hydrolase-mediated metabolism in male Sprague-Dawley rat,(More)
During an 8-month interval of prospective audit, 63 of 637 (10 per cent) vascular discharge summaries were found to contain 94 errors. These comprised 11 (12 per cent) general errors, 21 (22 per cent) diagnostic errors, 19 (20 per cent) operative data errors, 19 (20 per cent) cases of incorrect clinical text information, 14 (15 per cent) missed(More)
N-Acetyl-beta-D-glucosaminidase activity (NAG) was assayed in 750 early morning urine samples from 25 renal transplant patients during the post operative period. Eighty four per cent of all acute rejection episodes were preceded or accompanied by a greater than two-fold rise in NAG activity; similar increases were caused by dialysis, gentamicin therapy and(More)
BACKGROUND The mean age of patients in the European Carotid Surgery Trial with greater than 70% stenosis was 62 years. With changing demographics older patients are increasingly being referred for carotid endarterectomy (CEA). OBJECTIVES To assess the complications and survival (stroke-free and overall) of patients over the age of 75 undergoing CEA. (More)
In a retrospective survey of 92 cadaver renal transplant recipients, cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections were detected in 23 of 34 (68 per cent) patients treated with high doses of steroids but in only 27 of 58 (47 per cent) patients given low doses. Pretransplant blood transfusions were associated with both an improvement in one-year allograft survival-rates(More)