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BACKGROUND The Canale-Smith syndrome is a childhood disorder characterized by lymphadenopathy and autoimmunity. The similarity between this syndrome and that in mice with the lymphoproliferation (lpr) phenotype or the generalized-lymphoproliferative-disease (gld) phenotype led us to investigate whether it too is caused by mutations of the Fas gene (lpr(More)
Three independent mutations involving the apoptosis-1 (APO-1)/Fas receptor or its putative ligand have led to lupuslike diseases associated with lymphadenopathy in different strains of mice. To determine whether humans with SLE also have a defect in this apotosis pathway, we analyzed the expression of APO-1 on freshly isolated blood mononuclear cells and on(More)
T cell-specific adaptor protein (TSAd) is a T lineage-restricted signaling adaptor molecule that is thought to participate in the assembly of intracellular signaling complexes in T cells. Previous studies of TSAd-deficient mice have revealed a role for TSAd in the induction of T cell interleukin 2 secretion and proliferation. We now show that TSAd-deficient(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the clinical spectrum of disease in humans with mutations in the CD95 (Fas/ APO-1) receptor and to obtain mechanistic insight into the different clinical phenotypes observed. METHODS Clinical information for each of the index cases, first-degree relatives, and any family members reported to have Canale-Smith syndrome (or another(More)
Fas is a cell surface protein of the tumor necrosis factor receptor, nerve growth factor receptor, CD40 family, and is involved in the control of lymphocyte apoptosis. A mutation in the Fas gene in MRL/Ipr mice results in massive lymphoproliferation (Ipr) and accelerated autoimmunity. To further study the nature of this defect, Fas mRNA expression was(More)
Fas is a cell surface protein of the tumor necrosis factor receptor, nerve growth factor receptor, CD40 family, and is involved in the control of lymphocyte apoptosis. A mutation in the Fas gene in MRL/Ipr mice results in massive lymphoproliferation (Ipr) and accelerated autoimmunity. To further study the nature of this defect, Fas mRNA expression was(More)
Mutations in the Fas receptor or its ligand (FasL) lead to lupus-like systemic autoimmune diseases in mice and in some humans. To determine whether a significant number of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) have impaired FasL function, we compared T cell effector function by superantigen-activated CD4+ T cell lines or by anti-CD3- and(More)
The lymphoproliferation (lpr) mutation in the MRL strain of mice is caused by the insertion of the early transposable element ETn in the Fas gene. The insertion causes a striking decrease in Fas mRNA expression and is associated clinically with marked acceleration of the lupus-like disease. To further explore the role of the Fas protein in T-cell selection(More)
Fas is an apoptosis-related cell surface molecule whose defective transcription results in the lpr defect and autoimmunity. Recent analysis of Fas mRNA and protein expression in normal mice showed high expression in the thymus, on activated T cells, and on 5-10% of peripheral T cells. To investigate the role of Fas in the thymus, we analyzed its expression(More)
Fas is a cell surface protein of the tumor necrosis factor receptor, nerve growth factor receptor, CD40 family, and is involved in the control of lymphocyte apoptosis. A mutation in the Fas gene in MRL/lpr mice results in massive lymphoproliferation (lpr) and accelerated autoimmunity. To further study the nature of this defect, Fas mRNA expression was(More)