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The pharmacological properties of the novel antipsychotic drugs (APDs) risperidone, sertindole, olanzapine, quetiapine, ziprasidone, remoxipride, and amperozide are reviewed and compared with haloperidol and clozapine. Focus is made on their receptor profiles, their effects in animal models used for evaluation of antipsychotic activity, and extrapyramidal(More)
The in-vitro potency and selectivity, in-vivo binding affinity and effect of the 5-HT(6)R antagonist Lu AE58054 ([2-(6-fluoro-1H-indol-3-yl)-ethyl]-[3-(2,2,3,3-tetrafluoropropoxy)-benzyl]-amine) on impaired cognition were evaluated. Lu AE58054 displayed high affinity to the human 5-HT(6) receptor (5-HT(6)R) with a Ki of 0.83 nm. In a 5-HT(6) GTPgammaS(More)
Neuroleptics such as thioxanthenes (cis(Z)-flupentixol and cis(Z)-clopenthixol) and phenothiazines (fluphenazine and perphenazine), which block both dopamine (DA) D-1 and D-2 receptors and the butyrophenones (haloperidol and spiroperidol), which block D-2 receptors only, are equipotent both behaviorally and clinically. A new compound SCH 23390 which(More)
The inhibitory effects of a variety of established and putative antipsychotic compounds on the hypermotility induced by D-amphetamine at two dose levels (0.5 and 2.0 mg/kg) have been studied. Classical antipsychotics (haloperidol, fluphenazine and cis(Z)-flupentixol) and the selective dopamine D2 receptor antagonist remoxipride inhibit hypermotility in the(More)
The effects in rats of long-term administration of the potent, specific 5-HT uptake inhibitor citalopram have been investigated. Citalopram hydrobromide (MW = 405) was given in the diet, 99 or 25 mumol/kg daily, for 13 days or orally, 49 mumol/kg twice a day, for 14 days. High plasma and brain levels of citalopram were found during the treatment period,(More)
The present study was designed to assess the utility of sucrose intake and intracranial self-stimulation (ICSS) as hedonic measures for chronic mild stress (CMS) induced behavioural deficits. Wistar and PVG hooded rats were exposed to a variety of mild stressors, e.g. periods of food and/or water deprivation, soiled cage, light/dark reversal, confinement to(More)
The role of serotonergic (5-HT) receptor subtypes in mediation of aggressive behaviour in isolated male mice has been studied. Increase of attack latency was used as a simple measure of antiaggressive behaviour. 5-HT1A agonists (BAY R 1531, 8-OHDPAT, flesinoxan, gepirone, 5MeO DMT, buspirone, ipsapirone, BMY 14802) completely inhibit the aggressive(More)
The 5-HT(6) receptor is targeted by several new antipsychotics such as clozapine, olanzapine, and sertindole. We studied the effect of SB-271046 [5-chloro-N-(4-methoxy-3-piperazin-1-yl-phenyl)-3-methyl-2-benzothiophenesulfonamide], a specific 5-HT(6) receptor antagonist, in three models for the positive symptoms of schizophrenia---D-amphetamine-induced(More)
RATIONALE Blockade of N-methyl-d-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptors in the rat medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) impairs performance in the five-choice serial reaction time task (5-CSRTT) and increases glutamate (GLU) release. Recent research suggests that excessive GLU release may be critical for attention deficits. OBJECTIVES We tested this hypothesis by(More)
The binding of 3H-SCH 23390 to membranes from rat and mouse brain tissue has been investigated. The binding was saturable and reached equilibrium after 60 minutes. Nonspecific binding was low. Association and dissociation rates were Mg++-sensitive. In almost all respects the binding of 3H-SCH 23390 was comparable to the binding of 3H-piflutixol and(More)