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OBJECTIVE To characterize acute stroke events in diabetic patients in a population-based stroke register and to determine the influence of diabetes on the outcome of acute stroke. METHODS Four thousand three hundred and ninety patients were recorded in the FINMONICA and FINSTROKE registers after their first ischemic stroke from 1990 to 1998. We followed(More)
Previous studies have shown developmental dental defects in rhesus macaques and rats experimentally exposed to dioxin. Now it was investigated if dioxin exposure from mother's milk in a normal breast-fed child population correlated with enamel hypomineralization of teeth that mineralize during the first 2 years of life. We studied 102 6-7-year-old Finnish(More)
We studied the validity of the Finnish hospital discharge register data on coronary heart disease (CHD) for the purposes of epidemiologic studies and health services research. The Finnish nationwide hospital discharge register (HDR) was linked with the FINMONICA acute myocardial infarction (AMI) register for the years 1983-1990. The frequency of errors in(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Seasonal influence on the incidence of and mortality from cerebrovascular disease has been reported during the last three decades, but generally with some discrepancy in results, particularly regarding stroke subtypes. The aim of this study was to examine seasonal variation in the incidence, mortality, and case-fatality rate of stroke(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to produce stable estimates for the incidence, attack and mortality rates and case fatality of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Tallinn, the capital of Estonia. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS The Tallinn AMI register covers the population aged 25-64 years and official residents of Tallinn. The register follows the(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE It has been shown that low socioeconomic status is associated with death from stroke. More-detailed data have, however, remained scanty. The purpose of the present study was to examine the association of socioeconomic status with ischemic stroke. Besides mortality, we analyzed the incidence, case-fatality ratio, and prognosis of(More)
We examined the association of socioeconomic status (SES) with the incidence, mortality and case fatality of intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH). During 1982-1992, 909 ICH events were registered among persons aged 25-74 years. Taxable income was used as an indicator of SES. It was stratified into three categories: low, middle and high. The age-standardized(More)
BACKGROUND AND DESIGN The recent introduction of sensitive markers of myocardial injury is likely to affect the epidemiology of coronary heart disease (CHD). The American Heart Association together with other societies and research agencies have recently published a new definition on acute CHD to improve consistency in epidemiological and clinical studies(More)
OBJECTIVE To examine socioeconomic differences in case fatality and prognosis of myocardial infarction (MI) events, and to estimate the contributions of incidence and case fatality to socioeconomic differences in coronary heart disease (CHD) mortality. DESIGN A population-based MI register study. METHODS The FINMONICA MI Register recorded all MI events(More)