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Exposures to water disinfection by-products (DBPs) via ingestion of drinking water, and dermal absorption and inhalation during showering/bathing were assessed in the city of Cherepovets, Russia, which uses heavy chlorination to disinfect organic-rich surface water. Concentrations of DBPs (mean +/- standard deviation) in tap water were the following: total(More)
Binding of 1,2-epoxy-3-butene, the primary metabolite of butadiene, to hemoglobin (Hb) and excretion of its mercapturic acid in urine were studied as potential indicators of butadiene exposure. Four groups of Wistar rats were exposed to butadiene at 0, 250, 500 and 1000 ppm 6 h/day, 5 days/week, during 2 weeks. Blood was collected at the end of exposure and(More)
Risk assessment of dioxins is currently based on induction of liver tumors in rats. The toxicity of dioxins is characterized by large sensitivity differences among animal species and even strains of the same species, which complicates the risk assessment. The significance of these differences in dioxin-induced carcinogenicity is not known. We therefore(More)
Current levels of ambient air fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) are associated with mortality and morbidity in urban populations worldwide. In residential areas wood combustion is one of the main sources of PM(2.5) emissions, especially during wintertime. However, the adverse health effects of particulate emissions from the modern heating appliances and(More)
We investigated the possible combined genotoxic effects of radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (900 MHz, amplitude modulated at 217 Hz, mobile phone signal) with the drinking water mutagen and carcinogen 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX). Female rats were exposed to RF fields for a period of 2 years for 2 h per day, 5 days per(More)
Effects of alternating magnetic fields (MFs) on the embryonic and fetal development in CBA/Ca mice were studied. Mated females were exposed continuously to a sinusoidal 50 Hz (13 microT or 0.13 mT root mean square) or a sawtooth 20 kHz (15 microT peak-to-peak) MF from day 0 to day 18 of pregnancy for 24 h/day until necropsied on day 18. Control animals were(More)
Possible adverse effects of magnetic fields (MFs) on reproduction have been an open question. To verify the embryo-lethal effect of pulsed MF of the type emitted by video display terminals (VDTs) reported previously in CBA/S mice, a developmental toxicity study was conducted in animals of the same origin. Mated CBA/S mice (80-86 pregnant animals per group)(More)
PURPOSE The aim of the study was to investigate genotoxicity of long-term exposure to radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields by measuring micronuclei in erythrocytes. The blood samples were collected in two animal studies evaluating possible cocarcinogenic effects of RF fields. METHODS In study A, female CBA/S mice were exposed for 78 weeks (1.5 h/d,(More)
This study evaluated possible effects of radiofrequency (RF) radiation on tumorigenesis induced by the mutagen 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX) given in drinking water. Female Wistar rats aged 7 weeks at the beginning of the experiments were randomly divided into four groups of 72 animals: a cage-control group and three MX-exposed(More)
CONTEXT Particulate matter (PM) has been identified as a major environmental pollutant causing severe health problems. Large amounts of the harmful particulate matter (PM) are emitted from residential wood combustion, but the toxicological properties of wood combustion particles are poorly known. OBJECTIVE To investigate chemical and consequent(More)