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Binding of 1,2-epoxy-3-butene, the primary metabolite of butadiene, to hemoglobin (Hb) and excretion of its mercapturic acid in urine were studied as potential indicators of butadiene exposure. Four groups of Wistar rats were exposed to butadiene at 0, 250, 500 and 1000 ppm 6 h/day, 5 days/week, during 2 weeks. Blood was collected at the end of exposure and(More)
Exposures to water disinfection by-products (DBPs) via ingestion of drinking water, and dermal absorption and inhalation during showering/bathing were assessed in the city of Cherepovets, Russia, which uses heavy chlorination to disinfect organic-rich surface water. Concentrations of DBPs (mean +/- standard deviation) in tap water were the following: total(More)
Risk assessment of dioxins is currently based on induction of liver tumors in rats. The toxicity of dioxins is characterized by large sensitivity differences among animal species and even strains of the same species, which complicates the risk assessment. The significance of these differences in dioxin-induced carcinogenicity is not known. We therefore(More)
Monitoring occupational exposure to styrene was achieved through quantification of adducts of styrene 7,8-oxide to N-terminal valine in hemoglobin (Hb) on the basis of the enrichment of adducted globin chains by ion-exchange chromatography and gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis by the use of the N-alkyl Edman method. Application to blood(More)
Peripheral blood lymphocytes from 32 male rotogravure workers with daily exposure to toluene were studied for chromosome aberrations and sister chromatid exchange. Neither of these two cytogenetic parameters differed significantly from the correspondong frequencies in 15 unexposed control subjects. However, a significant increase in sister chromatid(More)
Current levels of ambient air fine particulate matter (PM(2.5)) are associated with mortality and morbidity in urban populations worldwide. In residential areas wood combustion is one of the main sources of PM(2.5) emissions, especially during wintertime. However, the adverse health effects of particulate emissions from the modern heating appliances and(More)
Chlorinated drinking water contains several chlorohydroxyfuranone (CHF) by-products whose contribution to cancer risk is not presently known. 3,4-Dichloro-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MCA), 3-chloro-4-(chloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (CMCF), and 3- chloro-4-methyl-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MCF) were studied for the induction of DNA damage, using the(More)
We investigated the possible combined genotoxic effects of radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (900 MHz, amplitude modulated at 217 Hz, mobile phone signal) with the drinking water mutagen and carcinogen 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX). Female rats were exposed to RF fields for a period of 2 years for 2 h per day, 5 days per(More)
Effects of alternating magnetic fields (MFs) on the embryonic and fetal development in CBA/Ca mice were studied. Mated females were exposed continuously to a sinusoidal 50 Hz (13 microT or 0.13 mT root mean square) or a sawtooth 20 kHz (15 microT peak-to-peak) MF from day 0 to day 18 of pregnancy for 24 h/day until necropsied on day 18. Control animals were(More)
Possible adverse effects of magnetic fields (MFs) on reproduction have been an open question. To verify the embryo-lethal effect of pulsed MF of the type emitted by video display terminals (VDTs) reported previously in CBA/S mice, a developmental toxicity study was conducted in animals of the same origin. Mated CBA/S mice (80-86 pregnant animals per group)(More)