Jorma Mäki-Paakkanen

Learn More
Exposures to water disinfection by-products (DBPs) via ingestion of drinking water, and dermal absorption and inhalation during showering/bathing were assessed in the city of Cherepovets, Russia, which uses heavy chlorination to disinfect organic-rich surface water. Concentrations of DBPs (mean +/- standard deviation) in tap water were the following: total(More)
Risk assessment of dioxins is currently based on induction of liver tumors in rats. The toxicity of dioxins is characterized by large sensitivity differences among animal species and even strains of the same species, which complicates the risk assessment. The significance of these differences in dioxin-induced carcinogenicity is not known. We therefore(More)
Binding of 1,2-epoxy-3-butene, the primary metabolite of butadiene, to hemoglobin (Hb) and excretion of its mercapturic acid in urine were studied as potential indicators of butadiene exposure. Four groups of Wistar rats were exposed to butadiene at 0, 250, 500 and 1000 ppm 6 h/day, 5 days/week, during 2 weeks. Blood was collected at the end of exposure and(More)
Chromosome aberrations (CA), micronuclei (MN, cytokinesis-block [CB] method), and sister-chromatid exchanges (SCE) were analysed in blood lymphocytes of 17 workers and 17 control subjects. The mean urinary mandelic acid level (average 9.4 mmol/l) and styrene glycol in blood (average 2.5 mumol/l) implied exposure to about 300 mg/m3 of styrene in the plant.(More)
There is increasing demand for renewable energy and the use of biodiesel in traffic is a major option when implying this increment. We investigated the toxicological activities of particulate emissions from a nonroad diesel engine, operated with conventional diesel fuel (EN590), and two biodiesels: rapeseed methyl ester (RME) and hydrotreated fresh(More)
Monitoring occupational exposure to styrene was achieved through quantification of adducts of styrene 7,8-oxide to N-terminal valine in hemoglobin (Hb) on the basis of the enrichment of adducted globin chains by ion-exchange chromatography and gas chromatographic-mass spectrometric analysis by the use of the N-alkyl Edman method. Application to blood(More)
The objective of the study was to investigate effects of 872 MHz radiofrequency (RF) radiation on intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) production and DNA damage at a relatively high SAR value (5 W/kg). The experiments also involved combined exposure to RF radiation and menadione, a chemical inducing intracellular ROS production and DNA damage. The(More)
A 48-h treatment with vinyl acetate (0.05-1 mM) induced a drastic increase in sister chromatid exchanges (SCEs) and (in first division cells) structural chromosome aberrations in cultured human lymphocytes. The effects were more pronounced in cultures of isolated lymphocytes than in whole-blood cultures. A distinct dose-dependent induction of SCEs similarly(More)
We investigated the possible combined genotoxic effects of radiofrequency (RF) electromagnetic fields (900 MHz, amplitude modulated at 217 Hz, mobile phone signal) with the drinking water mutagen and carcinogen 3-chloro-4-(dichloromethyl)-5-hydroxy-2(5H)-furanone (MX). Female rats were exposed to RF fields for a period of 2 years for 2 h per day, 5 days per(More)