Jorma E. Jalonen

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OBJECTIVE Our objective was to study the effect of the antiplatelet agents clopidogrel and ticlopidine on bupropion (INN, amfebutamone) hydroxylation, a probe reaction for cytochrome P450 (CYP) 2B6 activity. METHODS Twelve healthy male volunteers took a single 150-mg oral dose of bupropion either alone or after pretreatment with 75 mg clopidogrel once(More)
The dramatically increased number of new chemical entities (NCE) used in drug discovery has raised a demand for efficient and rapid drug metabolism screening techniques. The aim of this study was to develop a global in vitro metabolic interaction screening test utilising the N-in-1 approach. A cocktail consisting of 10 CYP-selective probes with known(More)
Hypericum perforatum L. (St. John's Wort) has been used in modern medicine for treatments of depression and neuralgic disorders. An HPLC method with photodiode array detection for the rapid determination of the major active compounds, naphthodianthrones and phloroglucinols, has been developed. The method permits the determination of hypericin,(More)
Diuron, a widely used herbicide and antifouling biocide, has been shown to persist in the environment and contaminate drinking water. It has been characterized as a "known/likely" human carcinogen. Whereas its environmental transformation and toxicity have been extensively examined, its metabolic characteristics in mammalian livers have not been reported.(More)
Hypericum perforatum L. (St. John's Wort) has long been known as a medicinal plant, and has been used for the treatment of depression and neuralgic disorders. Its main active constituents are believed to be a naphthodianthrone, hypericin, and a phloroglucinol, hyperforin. A sensitive high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC)/electrospray tandem mass(More)
Cinnamyl alcohol was added to the media of compact callus aggregates (CCA) of Rhodiola rosea for stimulating the production of cinnamyl glycosides. The biotransformation reaction produced high amounts of rosin, while only a very low amount of rosavin was produced. As the consumption rate of cinnamyl alcohol was much higher than production of rosin, the(More)
Phenolic compounds from the aerial parts of medicinal plant Rhodiola rosea were identified using LC/MS experiments with time-of-flight and triple quadrupole instruments, providing accurate mass and CID fragmentation data about the compounds. Supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) was used to remove non-polar compounds from the samples, followed by liquid(More)
Rhodiola rosea L. (Golden Root) has been used for a long time as an adaptogen in Chinese traditional medicine and is reported to have many pharmacological properties. Along its known secondary metabolites tyrosol (1), salidroside (rhodioloside) (2), rosin (3), rosarin (4), rosavin (5), sachaliside 1 (6) and 4-methoxy-cinnamyl-O-beta-D-glucopyranoside (7),(More)
The concentration of 7-methyljuglone was studied in the round-leaved sundew Drosera rotundifolia L. collected from different regions in Northern Finland. Samples for analysis were collected from peat bogs and sandpit habitats. The mean concentration of 7-methyljuglone varied from 1.0 to 2.3% of dry weight. Variation between years in the amount of(More)
A new infrared spectroscopic method suitable for determining total fatty alcohol and fatty acid ester concentrations in industrial oils has been developed. Oil samples were diluted with toluene (1:3 w/w), the toxicity and volatility of which are relatively low compared with more commonly used IR solvents, like carbon tetrachloride or carbon disulfide.(More)