Joris Mergaert

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The almost complete 16S rDNA sequences of twenty nine plant-associated strains, representing species of the genera Erwinia, Pantoea and Enterobacter were determined and compared with those of other members of the Enterobacteriaceae. The species of the genus Erwinia may be divided into three phylogenetic groups. Cluster I represents the true erwinias and(More)
A taxonomic study was performed on 26 strains isolated from microbial mats in Antarctic lakes of the Vestfold Hills and the McMurdo Dry Valleys. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences placed these strains within the Rhodobacter group of the alpha-subclass of the Proteobacteria. Sequence similarity values for the strains with their nearest(More)
AIMS To determine the microbial succession of the dominating taxa and functional groups of microorganisms and the total microbial activity during the composting of biowaste in a monitored process. METHODS AND RESULTS Biowaste (vegetable, fruit and garden waste) was composted in a monitored composting bin system. During the process, taxonomic and(More)
The microbial degradation of tensile test pieces made of poly(3-hydroxybutyrate) [P(3HB)] or a copolymer of 90% 3-hydroxybutyric acid and 10% 3-hydroxyvaleric acid was studied in soils incubated at a constant temperature of 15, 28, or 40 degrees C for up to 200 days. In addition, hydrolytic degradation in sterile buffer at temperatures ranging from 4 to 55(More)
A taxonomic study was performed on six strains isolated from microbial mats of lakes Reid, Fryxell and Ace in Antarctica. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that these strains belonged to the family 'Flexibacteraceae' and were closely related to the recently described genera Algoriphagus and Hongiella. The isolates were(More)
One hundred and seventy three bacterial strains, isolated previously after enrichment under oligotrophic, psychrophylic conditions from Arctic (98 strains) and Antarctic seawater (75 strains), were characterized by gas-liquid chromatographic analysis of their fatty acid compositions. By numerical analysis, 8 clusters, containing 2 to 59 strains, could be(More)
Microbial mats, growing in Antarctic lakes constitute unique and very diverse habitats. In these mats microorganisms are confronted with extreme life conditions. We isolated 746 bacterial strains from mats collected from ten lakes in the Dry Valleys (lakes Hoare and Fryxell), the Vestfold Hills (lakes Ace, Druzhby, Grace, Highway, Pendant, Organic and(More)
A taxonomic study was performed on three strains isolated from microbial mats in Lake Fryxell, McMurdo Dry Valleys, Antarctica. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences indicated that these strains belong to the family Flavobacteriaceae, in which they form a distinct lineage. The isolates are Gram-negative, chemoheterotrophic, aerobic,(More)
The taxonomic relationships between Phyllobacterium myrsinacearum LMG 2t2T, Phyllobacterium rubiacearum LMG 1t1T and two Phyllobacterium strains representing a collection of isolates from sugar-beet roots were investigated by means of fatty acid analysis and DNA-DNA hybridization. The strains showed very similar fatty acid compositions and more than 96% DNA(More)