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The functional interactions between supraspinal mu and delta receptors were characterized in the mouse using mu receptor-selective antagonists. The effects of pretreatment with the mu opioid antagonists, beta-funaltrexamine (beta-FNA) and naloxonazine on the modulation of morphine antinociception by the delta agonists [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE) and(More)
The opioid receptors involved in the supraspinal and spinal actions of [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE) for production and/or modulation of analgesia were investigated in two thermal analgesic tests, the mouse warm water (55 degrees C) tail-withdrawal assay and the radiant heat tail-flick test. Two approaches were used at supraspinal and spinal sites:(More)
The effect of pretreatment with naloxonazine on opioid-mediated antinociception against a thermal stimulus (55 degrees C warm-water tail-flick test) and inhibition of gastrointestinal transit at supraspinal and spinal levels was studied in unanesthetized mice. The mu-selective agonist [D-Ala2, N-methyl-Phe4, Gly5-ol]enkephalin (DAGO), the delta-selective(More)
The effect of the delta-selective agonist [D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin (DPDPE) on the antinociception produced by intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of the mu agonists morphine, [D-Ala2,NMePhe4,Gly-ol5]enkephalin (DAGO), [NMePhe3,D-Pro4]morphiceptin (PLO17), beta-endorphin, phenazocine, etorphine and sufentanil was studied in mice. Only the(More)
The possibility that the opioid delta-receptor mediates antinociception in tests where heat is the noxious stimulus was investigated using highly selective mu- and delta-agonist and -antagonists. Antinociceptive dose-response curves were constructed for mu ([D-Ala2,NMePhe4,Gly-ol]enkephalin, DAGO; morphine) and delta ([D-Pen2,D-Pen5]enkephalin,(More)
The apparent affinity of naloxone at cerebral and spinal sites was estimated using selective mu [D-Ala2, Gly-o15]-enkephalin (DAGO) and delta [D-Pen2, D-Pen5]enkephalin] (DPDPE) opioid agonists in the mouse warm water tail-withdrawal test in vivo; the mu agonist morphine was employed as a reference compound. The approach was to determine the naloxone pA2(More)
The molluscan neuropeptide Phe-Met-Arg-Phe-NH2 (FMRFamide) was administered intrathecally (i.t.) to mice and their behavior was monitored for 30 min. FMRFamide induced a dramatic and dose-related (5-12 micrograms) increase in grooming-related activities compared to saline-treated controls. The grooming behavior produced by 8 micrograms FMRFamide was not(More)
Possible involvement of cerebral delta opioid receptors in antinociceptive processes was studied in a test utilizing heat as the noxious thermal stimulus. The investigation focused on selective agonists and antagonists for mu and delta opioid receptors. Morphine and [D-Ala2,NMPhe4, Gly-ol]enkephalin (DAGO) were used as agonists for the mu receptor while(More)