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Ribosomal precursor particles are assembled in the nucleolus before export into the cytoplasm. Using a visual assay for nuclear accumulation of 60S subunits, we have isolated several conditional-lethal strains with defects in ribosomal export (rix mutants). Here we report the characterization of a mutation in an essential gene, RIX7, which encodes a novel(More)
1. We have developed a novel technique which causes primary human hepatocytes to proliferate by transducing them with genes that upregulate their proliferation. 2. Upcyte(®) hepatocytes did not form colonies in soft agar and are not immortalised anchorage-independent cells. Confluent cultures expressed liver-specific proteins, produced urea and stored(More)
A purification protocol was developed to obtain human papillomavirus (HPV) type 16 E7 protein expressed in the yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe. Only three chromatographic steps were necessary to purify the unfused HPV 16 E7 protein to homogeneity (95-99%) as shown by silver staining after polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Approximately 0.8 mg of highly(More)
We have constructed chimeric papillomavirus-like particles (CVLPs) by replacing the 34-carboxy-terminal amino acids of the HPV 16 L1 protein with various parts of the HPV 16 E7 protein. Chimeric proteins were expressed by recombinant baculoviruses and analyzed by electron microscopy for their ability to assemble into virus capsids. We were able to produce(More)
Cervical cancer is the most prevalent tumor in developing countries and the second most frequent cancer among females worldwide. Specific human papillomaviruses (HPVs) and, most notably, HPV types 16 and 18 are recognized as being causally associated with this malignancy. Antibodies against early HPV proteins E6 and E7 have been found more often in patients(More)
Mice were immunized i.p. with soluble or heat-denatured protein antigens [ovalbumin, beta-galactosidase, or recombinant E7 protein of human papilloma virus type 16 (HBV)]. Heat-denatured (100 degrees C) preparations of these proteins were able to induce cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) that recognize cells expressing the respective genes, whereas native(More)
Growth of cervical carcinoma cells depends on continuous expression of high risk type human papillomavirus oncogenes E6 and E7. E6 destabilizes p53, a tumor-suppressive transcription factor, which activates expression of the inhibitor of cell cycle progression p21 and other genes. E6-mediated p53 degradation can therefore result in cell cycle deregulation.(More)
The E6/E7-coding sequences of the human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV 16) were probed for kinetic accessibility in vitro by pools of catalytic antisense RNA. Only long-chain complementary RNA and very few antisense sequences with a 3' portion complementary to a 10 nt window within unspliced and spliced E6-coding target sequences showed fast annealing with(More)
The "high-risk" human papillomavirus type 16 (HPV 16) is associated with the development of cervical cancer. Although the viral gene products E6 and E7 are constitutively expressed in HPV 16-associated lesions and therefore appear as candidate antigens for a specific immune response, the immune system fails to produce an efficient defence against tumor(More)
In this study we show, by immunofluorescence and electron microscopy immuno-gold labelling, that the major transforming protein of Human Papillomavirus type 16 E7 is associated with the nucleolus of cells derived from the HPV16-positive cervical carcinoma line CaSki. The E7 nucleolar staining appeared to be cell cycle dependent, being considerably reduced(More)