Joris A M Soons

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Darwin's finches have radiated from a common ancestor into 14 descendent species, each specializing on distinct food resources and evolving divergent beak forms. Beak morphology in the ground finches (Geospiza) has been shown to evolve via natural selection in response to variation in food type, food availability and interspecific competition for food. From(More)
The cells in the organ of Corti are highly organized, with a precise 3D microstructure hypothesized to be important for cochlear function. Here we provide quantitative data on the mouse organ of Corti cytoarchitecture, as determined using a new technique that combines the imaging capabilities of two-photon microscopy with the autofluorescent cell membranes(More)
Correct quantitative parameters to describe tympanic membrane elasticity are an important input for realistic modeling of middle ear mechanics. In the past, several attempts have been made to determine tympanic membrane elasticity from tensile experiments on cut-out strips. The strains and stresses in such experiments may be far out of the physiologically(More)
For the purpose of creating a finite element model of the middle ear, the ossicles can be modelled as rigid bodies or as linear elastic materials. The general elasticity parameters used are usually measured on larger bones like the femur. In order to obtain a highly realistic model, the actual elastic modulus (Young's modulus) of the ossicles themselves is(More)
A novel X-ray stereoscopy technique, using greyscale information obtained from moving markers, was used to study the 3D motion in both gerbil and rabbit middle ear ossicles in the quasi-static pressure regime. The motion can be measured without visually exposing the ossicles. The ossicles showed non-linear behaviour as a function of both pressure and(More)
To date, the single-ossicle avian middle ear (ME) is poorly understood, despite its striking resemblance to the design of many currently used ossicular replacement prostheses. This study aims to improve comprehension of this system. The acoustic response and the mechanical properties of the mallard middle ear were studied by means of optical interferometry(More)
Human middle ears show large morphological variations. This could affect our perception of hearing and explain large variation in experimentally obtained transfer functions. Most morphological studies focus on capturing variation by using landmarks on cadaveric temporal bones. We present statistical shape analysis based on clinical cone beam CT (CBCT) scans(More)
One of nature's premier illustrations of adaptive evolution concerns the tight correspondence in birds between beak morphology and feeding behavior. In seed-crushing birds, beaks have been suggested to evolve at least in part to avoid fracture. Yet, we know little about mechanical relationships between beak shape, stress dissipation, and fracture avoidance.(More)
Aims Sexual selection has caused the emergence of a wide variety of weapons that are used by males to get access to females (i.e. mandibles, claws, cerci, horns, tusks, antlers; for a review see Emlen, 2008). Research on the selection mechanisms leading to this broad diversity repeatedly encounters the lack of basic knowledge of the functional morphology of(More)
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