Jorge de Alba

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RATIONALE Nuclear factor (NF)-kappaB is a transcription factor known to regulate the expression of many inflammatory genes, including cytokines, chemokines, and adhesion molecules. NF-kappaB is held inactive in the cytoplasm, bound to I-kappaB. The removal of I-kappaB, via the actions of inhibitor of kappaB (I-kappaB) kinase-2 (IKK-2), allows NF-kappaB to(More)
Clinically, inflammatory pain is far more persistent than that typically modelled pre-clinically, with the majority of animal models focussing on short-term effects of the inflammatory pain response. The large attrition rate of compounds in the clinic which show pre-clinical efficacy suggests the need for novel models of, or approaches to, chronic(More)
Nitric oxide (NO), synthesised by different isoforms of nitric oxide synthase (NOS), has been linked with the development and maintenance of nociception. We studied the role of the inducible isoform, iNOS, in two different rat pain models with an inflammatory component. iNOS was immunohistochemically detected locally in the paw 6h after Freund's Complete(More)
Estrogen receptor (ER) beta agonists have been demonstrated to possess anti-inflammatory properties in inflammatory disease models. The objective of this study was to determine whether ERbeta agonists affect in vitro and in vivo preclinical models of asthma. mRNA expression assays were validated in human and rodent tissue panels. These assays were then used(More)
Cocaine, often abused by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infected patients, has been suggested to worsen the HIV associated dementia via unknown mechanisms. Here we report that subchronic treatment with a dose of cocaine (30 mg/kg i.p.), unable per se to cause neuronal death, increases the number of apoptotic cells typically observed in the neocortex of(More)
House dust mite (HDM) is the major source of allergen in house dust and is strongly associated with the development of asthma. HDM can evoke a direct, nonallergic inflammatory reaction in vitro. We aimed to determine whether this apparent nonallergic, inflammatory response can be observed in a more complex in vivo setting. Vehicle, Alum or HDM(More)
The liver X receptors (LXRalpha/beta) are orphan nuclear receptors that are expressed in a large number of cell types and have been shown to have anti-inflammatory properties. Nuclear receptors have previously proved to be amenable targets for small molecular mass pharmacological agents in asthma, and so the effect of an LXR ligand was assessed in models of(More)
BACKGROUND In allergic asthma, exposure to relevant antigens leads to an early asthmatic response (EAR) followed, in certain subjects, by a late asthmatic response (LAR). Although many subjects with asthma consider LAR to be one of the defining symptoms of their disease, and despite its widespread use in the clinical assessment of new therapeutic entities,(More)
Since the discovery of the first matrix metalloproteinase (MMP), this ever-growing family of proteinases has been the subject of intense research. Although it was initially believed that MMPs were solely involved in matrix turnover and degradation, there are now data suggesting MMPs are actively involved in the inflammatory process. In previous studies, we(More)
An experimental apparatus consisting of a metal framework, a strain gauge, and a Wheatstone bridge was used to measure the retraction force delivered to the mandibular incisors by a contraction utility arch wire (0.016 by 0.016 inch blue Elgiloy). The contraction utility arch wire was activated 1 mm. and retraction forces were recorded as the deflection of(More)