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In an effort to identify novel therapeutic targets for autoimmunity and transplant rejection, we developed and performed a large-scale retroviral-based functional screen to select for proteins that inhibit antigen receptor-mediated activation of lymphocytes. In addition to known regulators of antigen receptor signaling, we identified a novel adaptor(More)
BACKGROUND The activation of T cells, mediated by the T-cell receptor (TCR), activates a battery of specific membrane-associated, cytosolic and nuclear proteins. Identifying the signaling proteins downstream of TCR activation will help us to understand the regulation of immune responses and will contribute to developing therapeutic agents that target immune(More)
TRAC-1 (T cell RING (really interesting new gene) protein identified in activation screen) is a novel E3 ubiquitin ligase identified from a retroviral vector-based T cell surface activation marker screen. The C-terminal truncated TRAC-1 specifically inhibited anti-TCR-mediated CD69 up-regulation in Jurkat cells, a human T leukemic cell line. In this study,(More)
To identify novel components of the TCR signaling pathway, a large-scale retroviral-based functional screen was performed using CD69 expression as a marker for T cell activation. In addition to known regulators, two truncated forms of p21-activated kinase 2 (PAK2), PAK2DeltaL(1-224) and PAK2DeltaS(1-113), both lacking the kinase domain, were isolated in the(More)
Dengue remains a global public health threat and development of a safe and effective vaccine is a principal public health goal. The primary correlate of immunity is thought to be neutralizing antibodies. Currently, the plaque reduction neutralization test (PRNT) is the gold standard measure of dengue neutralizing antibody responses, but this test is limited(More)
Effective quality assessment is an important part of any high-throughput flow cytometry data analysis pipeline, especially when considering the complex designs of the typical flow experiments applied in clinical trials. Technical issues like instrument variation, problematic antibody staining, or reagent lot changes can lead to biases in the extracted cell(More)
Plaque reduction neutralization tests (PRNTs) are commonly used for measuring levels of dengue virus (DENV) neutralizing antibodies. However, these assays lack a standardized format, generally have a low sample throughput, and are labor-intensive. The objective of the present study was to evaluate two alternative DENV neutralizing antibody assays: an(More)
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