Jorge Oswaldo Aranda

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Vasoinhibins are a family of peptides derived from prolactin, growth hormone and placental lactogen that act on endothelial cells to suppress vasodilation and angiogenesis and to promote apoptosis-mediated vascular regression. Some of the pathways by which vasoinhibins act have now been defined, and recent developments indicate that endogenous vasoinhibins(More)
Vasoconstriction and defective placental angiogenesis are key factors in the etiology of preeclampsia. Prolactin levels are elevated in maternal blood throughout pregnancy and the human decidua produces prolactin that is transported to the amniotic fluid. Prolactin is cleaved to yield vasoinhibins, a family of peptides that inhibit angiogenesis and nitric(More)
Oral intake of Microcystin-LR (MC-LR) is the principal route of exposure to this toxin, with prolonged exposure leading to liver damage of unspecific symptomatology. The aim of the present paper was therefore to investigate the liver and intestine damage generated by prolonged oral exposure to low MC-LR doses (50 and 100 μg MC-LR/kg body weight,(More)
Prolactin (PRL), originally associated with milk secretion, is known to have a wide variety of biological actions and diverse sites of production beyond the pituitary gland. Recent studies have demonstrated that PRL is synthesized in retinal tissue. To gain insights into the functional role of PRL in the mammalian retina, we mapped the distribution of the(More)
Increased retinal vasopermeability contributes to diabetic retinopathy, the leading cause of blindness in working-age adults. Despite clinical progress, effective therapy remains a major need. Vasoinhibins, a family of peptides derived from the protein hormone prolactin (and inclusive of the 16-kDa fragment of prolactin), antagonize the proangiogenic(More)
PURPOSE Disruption of the normally antiangiogenic environment of the retina leads to aberrant angiogenesis, the major cause of vision loss throughout the world. Prolactin (PRL), the hormone originally associated with milk production, can be proteolytically processed to 16K-PRL, a 16 kDa N-terminal PRL fragment with potent antiangiogenic and vasoconstrictive(More)
Although prolactin (PRL) actions and expression in the brain have been shown, dynamic changes in its intracerebral release and gene expression have still not been demonstrated. Using push-pull perfusion, the in vivo release of PRL was monitored within the paraventricular nucleus (PVN) and medial preoptic area (MPOA) of virgin female, lactating and male rats(More)
Expression of prolactin (PRL) or prolactin-like hormone has been reported in invertebrates. We investigated the larval phase of Trichinella spiralis: (a) to express 23 kDa PRL, (b) to define its localization and (c) to test its possible biological activity. Immunostaining in isolated larvae demonstrated positive material to 23 kDa PRL by all along the(More)
Nerve growth factor is an essential neurotrophic factor required for the growth and maintenance of cutaneous sensory nerves. In the skin, keratinocytes are a significant source of nerve growth factor; however, the regulation of cutaneous nerve growth factor production still remains to be fully understood. In this study we tested the hypothesis that(More)
The C57BL/10 sps/sps mouse mutant displays generalized absence seizure-like behavior. In these mice, glutamic acid decarboxylase activity is reduced in the cortex and hippocampus. Tritiated flunitrazepam binding (3H-flu) is reduced in these areas, as well as in midbrain, cerebellum, and pons-medulla. Quantitative [3H]-flunitrazepam binding autoradiography(More)