Learn More
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE As nitric oxide (NO) plays an essential role in the inhibitory neurotransmission of the bladder neck of several species, the current study investigates the mechanisms underlying the NO-induced relaxations in the pig urinary bladder neck. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH Urothelium-denuded bladder neck strips were dissected and mounted in(More)
The current study investigated the distribution of adrenergic nerves and the action induced by noradrenaline (NA) in pig prostatic small arteries. Noradrenergic innervation was visualized using an antibody against dopamine-beta-hydroxylase (DBH), and the NA effect was studied in small arterial rings mounted in microvascular myographs for isometric force(More)
AIMS Testosterone is beneficial to the cardiovascular system due to its direct coronary vasodilatory action and its circulatory deficiency is associated with coronary artery disease (CAD), which has been proposed as an extrinsic risk factor for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). Therefore, the current study investigated the mechanisms involved in the(More)
Since endothelin-1 (ET-1) is involved in prostatic disorders, the current study investigated the mechanisms underlying the ET-1-induced effects in pig prostatic small arteries. The experiments were performed in rings mounted in microvascular myographs containing physiological saline solution at 37oC for isometric force recordings. On basal tension, ET-1(More)
Inflammation is a common feature in cardiovascular diseases, including diabetes mellitus. In addition to the well-known inflammatory role of cyclo-oxygenase-2 (COX-2), this protein has also been implicated in apoptosis resistance in tumour cells. Vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from diabetic patients are also resistant to apoptosis because of an(More)
In many vascular smooth muscle cells, physiological and pharmacological agonists initiate oscillatory fluctuations in intracellular Ca(2+) to initiate and maintain vasoconstriction. These oscillations are supported by the underlying cellular ultrastructure, particularly the close apposition between the plasma membrane (PM) and superficial sarcoplasmic(More)
Dabigatran is an emerging oral anticoagulant which is a direct inhibitor of thrombin activity. It has been approved in the European Union and the United States of America for the prevention of thrombosis after major orthopedic surgery. It has also been approved by the American Food and Drug Administration and the European Medicines Agency for the prevention(More)
Transforming growth factor β (TGF-β1) is a pleiotropic cytokine with many and complex effects in cell and tissue physiology. This is made possible by a very complex and interwoven signaling system, whose regulation continues to be the focus of a growing line of research. This complex regulation translates to a key role in cardiovascular physiology,(More)
BACKGROUND We aimed to test the antiproliferative effect of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) on vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC) from bypass surgery patients and the role of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-beta1). METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS VSMC were isolated from remaining internal mammary artery from patients who underwent bypass surgery. Cell(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular disease has been linked to endothelial progenitor cell (EPC) depletion and functional impairment in atherosclerosis and aortic stenosis. EPCs may play a pivotal role in vascular grafting. However, the EPC depletion in coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) patients has not been compared to coronary artery disease-free valvular(More)