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The methods used to prepare myelin involve homogenization of the tissue in isotonic sucrose solution, followed by the isolation of myelin membranes by a series of steps that include density gradient centrifugation and differential centrifugation. Homogenization of nervous tissue in isotonic sucrose causes the myelin sheath to peel from the axon and form(More)
Intracellular trafficking of membranes plays an essential role in the biogenesis and maintenance of myelin. The requisite proteins and lipids are transported from their sites of synthesis to myelin via vesicles. Vesicle transport is tightly coordinated with synthesis of lipids and proteins. To maintain the structural and functional organization of(More)
A method for the isolation of oligodendroglial cells from young and adult whole rat brains, using a Percoll density gradient is presented. The minced tissue, incubated in a balanced salt solution containing 0.1% trypsin is further dissociated by forcing it through nylon screens to 145 and 74 ?m pore size. The crude suspension is then mixed with an isosmotic(More)
Oligodendroglial cells express ionotropic glutamate receptors of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-isoxazole-4-propionic acid hydrobromide (AMPA) and kainate (KA) subtypes. Recently, we reported that AMPA receptor agonists increased 45Ca2+ uptake and phospholipase C (PLC) activity. To further elucidate the intracellular signaling mechanisms, we examined the(More)
This study focused on the molecular and pharmacological characterization of muscarinic acetylcholine receptors expressed by progenitors and differentiated oligodendrocytes. We also analyzed the role of muscarinic receptors in regulating downstream signal transduction pathways and the functional significance of receptor expression in oligodendrocytes. RT-PCR(More)
Oligodendrocytes, the myelin-producing cells of the central nervous system, express muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (mAChR). Activation of this neurotransmitter receptor by the stable acetylcholine analog carbachol (CCh) triggers transducing events, modulating c-fos expression and cellular proliferation. To elucidate the signal transduction pathways(More)
Intracellular membrane trafficking plays an essential role in the biogenesis and maintenance of myelin. Members of the Rab protein family are important components of the systems that regulate intracellular vesicle transport. We examine the function of rRab22b, a novel rat Rab protein cloned from an oligodendrocyte cDNA library, by visualizing and(More)
Brain slices from 18 day old normal and malnourished rats were incubated in the presence of [35S]sulfate to explore its incorporation into sulfatides of a total brain homogenate and the appearance of labeled sulfatides in different subcellular fractions. While the incorporation of label into sulfatides of the total homogenate was similar in both groups of(More)
Vesicle transport plays an important role in the formation of myelin. Transport of proteins, including proteolipid protein and myelin associated glycoprotein, from their site of synthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum in the perikaryon of the oligodendrocytes, to myelin, takes place via carrier vesicles. The mechanisms that regulate vesicle transport in(More)
The in vitro effect of colchicine or monensin upon sulfatide delivery from microsomes and perikarya of oligodendroglial cells and its further incorporation into myelin was studied using brain slices obtained from 18-day-old rats incubated during 20 min with [(35)S]sulfuric acid and reincubated for different times with unlabeled precursor. Labeled sulfatides(More)