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The methods used to prepare myelin involve homogenization of the tissue in isotonic sucrose solution, followed by the isolation of myelin membranes by a series of steps that include density gradient centrifugation and differential centrifugation. Homogenization of nervous tissue in isotonic sucrose causes the myelin sheath to peel from the axon and form(More)
Vesicle transport plays an important role in the formation of myelin. Transport of proteins, including proteolipid protein and myelin associated glycoprotein, from their site of synthesis in the endoplasmic reticulum in the perikaryon of the oligodendrocytes, to myelin, takes place via carrier vesicles. The mechanisms that regulate vesicle transport in(More)
Intracellular trafficking of membranes plays an essential role in the biogenesis and maintenance of myelin. The requisite proteins and lipids are transported from their sites of synthesis to myelin via vesicles. Vesicle transport is tightly coordinated with synthesis of lipids and proteins. To maintain the structural and functional organization of(More)
Purified myelin from rat brainstem, prelabeled in vivo by intracerebral injection of [3H]myoinositol, showed enhanced breakdown of phosphoinositides on treatment with 5'-guanylylimidodiphosphate [Gpp-(NH)p] and Ca2+. Concentration variation of the former in the presence of Ca2+ showed a dose-dependent release of inositol 1,4-bisphosphate (IP2) and inositol(More)
High-affinity muscarinic cholinergic receptors were detected in myelin purified from rat brain stem with use of the radioligands 3H-N-methylscopolamine (3H-NMS), 3H-quinuclidinyl benzilate (3H-QNB), and 3H-pirenzepine. 3H-NMS binding was also present in myelin isolated from corpus callosum. In contrast, several other receptor types, including alpha 1- and(More)
Slices of rat brainstem that had been prelabeled by in vivo injection of [3H]inositol were stimulated with carbachol in the presence of lithium and changes measured in the radioactivity of inositol lipids and water-soluble inositol phosphates. For the latter, significant increases were seen for inositol mono- and bisphosphate but not inositol trisphosphate.(More)
Following a previous report on detection of muscarinic receptors in myelin with the implied presence of G proteins, we now demonstrate by more direct means the presence of such proteins and their quantification. Using [35S]guanosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate) ([35S]GTP gamma S) as the binding ligand, purified myelin from bovine brain was found to contain(More)
A method for the isolation of oligodendroglial cells from young and adult whole rat brains, using a Percoll density gradient is presented. The minced tissue, incubated in a balanced salt solution containing 0.1% trypsin is further dissociated by forcing it through nylon screens to 145 and 74 ?m pore size. The crude suspension is then mixed with an isosmotic(More)
Incubation of rat brainstem slices with [3H]-mevalonate ([3H]MVA) in the presence of lovastatin resulted in the incorporation of label into three groups of myelin-associated proteins with molecular masses of 47, 21-27, and 8 kDa, as revealed on sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide rod gel electrophoresis. Although the gel patterns of [3H]MVA-derived(More)