Jorge Manuel Serrador

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The relationship between middle cerebral artery (MCA) flow velocity (CFV) and cerebral blood flow (CBF) is uncertain because of unknown vessel diameter response to physiological stimuli. The purpose of this study was to directly examine the effect of a simulated orthostatic stress (lower body negative pressure [LBNP]) as well as(More)
That insufficient sleep is associated with poor attention and performance deficits is becoming widely recognized. Fewer people are aware that chronic sleep complaints in epidemiologic studies have also been associated with an increase in overall mortality and morbidity. This article summarizes findings of known effects of insufficient sleep on(More)
Cerebral autoregulation adjusts cerebrovascular resistance in the face of changing perfusion pressures to maintain relatively constant flow. Results from several studies suggest that cardiac output may also play a role. We tested the hypothesis that cerebral blood flow would autoregulate independent of changes in cardiac output. Transient systemic(More)
Cerebral autoregulation is an intrinsic mechanism of the cerebrovasculature that maintains cerebral blood flow relatively constant over a wide range of blood pressures. Recent studies have shown sex differences in cerebral autoregulation in adolescents and young adults. We evaluated cerebral auturegulation in 419 (186 male) subjects over the age of 70(More)
Measurement of cerebral autoregulation is important for the evaluation and management of a number of clinical disorders that affect cerebral blood flow. We currently lack simple bedside measures that mimic common physiologic stresses. Therefore, we evaluated a new sit-to-stand technique as an alternative method to the frequently-used thigh-cuff technique in(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine whether alterations in cerebral blood flow regulation are associated with slow gait speed and falls in community-dwelling elderly individuals. METHODS The study sample consisted of 419 individuals from the MOBILIZE Boston Study (MBS) who had transcranial Doppler ultrasound measures of cerebral blood flow velocity. The MBS is a(More)
Many physicians are reluctant to lower blood pressure to recommended levels in elderly hypertensive patients because of concern about producing cerebral hypoperfusion. Because hypertension is associated with potentially reversible structural and functional alterations in the cerebral circulation that may improve with treatment, we investigated whether(More)
BACKGROUND Cerebral vasoconstriction without concurrent changes in systemic arterial blood pressure has been observed in both normal individuals and those with idiopathic orthostatic intolerance following several minutes of postural stress when circulating catecholamines are elevated. Therefore, we tested the hypothesis that alpha-adrenergic activation with(More)
Stochastic resonance (SR) is a phenomenon whereby the response of a non-linear system to a weak periodic input signal is optimized by the presence of a particular non-zero level of noise. Stochastic resonance using imperceptible stochastic vestibular electrical stimulation, when applied to normal young and elderly subjects, has been shown to significantly(More)
Reductions in end-tidal Pco(2) (Pet(CO(2))) during upright posture have been suggested to be the result of hyperventilation and the cause of decreases in cerebral blood flow (CBF). The goal of this study was to determine whether decreases in Pet(CO(2)) reflected decreases in arterial Pco(2) (Pa(CO(2))) and their relation to increases in alveolar ventilation(More)