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BACKGROUND Recently described neuronal intermediate filament inclusion disease (NIFID) shows considerable clinical heterogeneity. OBJECTIVE To assess the spectrum of the clinical and neuropathological features in 10 NIFID cases. METHODS Retrospective chart and comprehensive neuropathological review of these NIFID cases was conducted. RESULTS The mean(More)
The current experiment examined the role of nucleus accumbens (NACC) dopamine in individual differences. Subjects were divided into high responders (HR) and low responders (LR) based on their locomotor response to a novel environment. HR rats were subjects which had a locomotor response to novelty in the upper third of the population screened and LR rats in(More)
BACKGROUND Parkinson disease (PD) is a degenerative neurological disorder for which no treatment has been shown to slow the progression. OBJECTIVE To determine whether a range of dosages of coenzyme Q10 is safe and well tolerated and could slow the functional decline in PD. DESIGN Multicenter, randomized, parallel-group, placebo-controlled,(More)
Abnormal involuntary movements complicate the management of a majority of patients with advanced Parkinson's disease. The ability of levodopa to induce dyskinesias and alleviate parkinsonism has generally been considered a continuous dose-dependent pharmacological spectrum. In this study, the acute dose-response profile of intravenously administered(More)
Rare mutations in the gene encoding for tau (MAPT, microtubule-associated protein tau) cause frontotemporal dementia-spectrum (FTD-s) disorders, including FTD, progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and corticobasal syndrome, and a common extended haplotype spanning across the MAPT locus is associated with increased risk of PSP and Parkinson's disease. We(More)
The present study examined whether premovement central neural processing in Parkinson's disease was related to functional motor disability and plasma L-dopa concentration. Reaction time (RT) performance in simple and choice RT tasks was assessed while plasma L-dopa levels were controlled by continuous IV L-dopa infusion in five parkinsonian patients. Five(More)
The objective of this paper was to assess the phenotypic variance in patients with the Fragile X-associated Tremor Ataxia Syndrome (FXTAS) and to further elucidate genotype–phenotype correlations in the illness. A second goal was to generate hypotheses regarding symptom progression based on careful histories in our sample that can now be tested in ongoing(More)
IMPORTANCE Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10), an antioxidant that supports mitochondrial function, has been shown in preclinical Parkinson disease (PD) models to reduce the loss of dopamine neurons, and was safe and well tolerated in early-phase human studies. A previous phase II study suggested possible clinical benefit. OBJECTIVE To examine whether CoQ10 could slow(More)
Using an antibody against choline acetyltransferase (ChAT), mesencephalic cholinergic cell nuclei were studied in autopsy material from 3 cases of progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP) and 4 controls. ChAT-immunoreactive neurons were quantified in sections that spanned the rostrocaudal extent of each nucleus. In PSP, there was a significant decrease in the(More)
The duration of the antiparkinsonian action of levodopa was studied in 48 patients with various response patterns to the oral administration of the dopamine precursor. Deterioration in motor scores after abrupt cessation of a steady-state intravenous levodopa infusion occurred at two successive rates: an initial rapid phase followed by a terminal slower(More)