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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The mechanisms for clinical deterioration in patients with ischemic stroke are not completely understood. Several proinflammatory cytokines are released early after the onset of brain ischemia, but it is unknown whether inflammation predisposes to neurological deterioration. We assessed the implication of interleukin (IL)-6 and tumor(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The participation of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) in the pathogenesis of ischemic neuronal lesion has been experimentally demonstrated, but clinical experience is scarce. Our objective was to examine EAA levels during the acute phase of cerebral infarction in relation to infarct size and intensity of neurological deficit. METHODS(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the usefulness of a mismatch between the severity of acute clinical manifestations and the diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) lesion in predicting early stroke outcome and infarct volume. METHODS One hundred sixty-six patients with a hemispheric ischemic stroke of <12 hours' duration were studied. The NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS) score and(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Although chronic daily headache, mainly transformed migraine, is an important reason for consultation in headache clinics, its actual prevalence is unknown. This study analyzes the prevalence of the different types of chronic daily headache in an unselected population. METHODS A questionnaire exploring headache frequency was(More)
BACKGROUND Mechanisms involved in progression of stroke are little understood. Studies in animals have shown an association between neuronal death mediated by excitatory aminoacids and deterioration in focal cerebral ischaemia. We looked for an association between concentrations of glutamate and glycine in plasma and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and early(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The neurotoxic and neuroprotective role of nitric oxide (NO) in experimental cerebral ischemia has generated considerable debate. The aim of this study was to analyze the relationship between NO metabolite (NO-m) concentrations in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and clinical and neuroimaging parameters of brain injury in patients with acute(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine potential predictors of good outcome in primary medium to large intracerebral haemorrhages (ICH) which could be useful for selecting patients for surgical procedures. METHODS Subjects were 138 patients with spontaneous hemispheric ICH >20 ml. They were non-surgically treated and were admitted consecutively to 15 hospitals within the(More)
Daily or near-daily headache is a widespread problem in clinical practice. The general term of chronic daily headache (CDH) encompasses those primary headaches presenting more than 15 days per month and lasting more than 4 hours per day. CDH includes transformed migraine (TM), chronic tension-type headache (CTTH), new daily persistent headache (NDPH), and(More)
BACKGROUND MYD88(L265P) and CXCR4(WHIM) mutations are highly prevalent in Waldenström's macroglobulinemia. MYD88(L265P) triggers tumor-cell growth through Bruton's tyrosine kinase, a target of ibrutinib. CXCR4(WHIM) mutations confer in vitro resistance to ibrutinib. METHODS We performed a prospective study of ibrutinib in 63 symptomatic patients with(More)
BACKGROUND Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare and aggressive B-cell lymphoma strongly associated with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. The authors conducted a multi-institutional, retrospective study to describe characteristics and determine prognostic factors in HIV-associated PBL. METHODS For this study, the investigators included(More)