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An in vitro slice preparation was used to obtain intracellular recordings of neostriatal neurons. Indirect evidence for the presence of an early outward conductance in neostriatal neurons is presented. With near threshold stimulation neostriatal neurons fired very late during the pulse. The long firing latency was associated with a slow (ramp-like)(More)
Here we have explored whether dopamine is able to modulate the release of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from striatal terminals to substantia nigra pars reticulata, entopeduncular nucleus, globus pallidus and caudate-putamen. The type of dopamine receptors involved was assessed by the blocking effect of either SCH 23390 (D1 antagonist) or (-)-sulpiride (D2(More)
Dopamine is a critical modulator of striatal function; its absence produces Parkinson's disease. Most cellular actions of dopamine are still unknown. This work describes the presynaptic actions of dopaminergic receptor agonists on GABAergic transmission between neostriatal projection neurons. Axon collaterals interconnect projection neurons, the main axons(More)
We analysed the expression of dopamine receptor subtypes in the subthalamic nucleus by means of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. We also studied, using autoradiography, all pharmacologically characterized dopamine receptors in four subregions of the subthalamic nucleus. For comparison, dopamine receptor subtypes were also evaluated in brain(More)
Intracellular spontaneous activity was recorded in neostriatal slices from rats with 6-hydroxydopamine-induced lesion of the left nigrostriatal dopaminergic system. Recordings were made at different times after denervation. Dopaminergic denervation caused the appearance of spontaneous synaptic potentials, which were present even after 8 months. The results(More)
1. Intracellular recordings from neostriatal neurons in an in vitro slice preparation of the rat brain were used to analyze the pharmacological sensitivity of the action potential (AP) repolarization and the afterhyperpolarization (AHP) that follows a single action potential. The interspike voltage trajectory and the AHP could be divided into two main(More)
We studied the interactions between glutamate and dopamine in the pars reticulata of the substantia nigra by using microdialysis in unanaesthetized rats. Increased extracellular levels of glutamate in the pars reticulata were obtained by microinjecting the muscarinic agonist carbachol into the ipsilateral subthalamic nucleus. The increase of glutamate(More)
The effect of 5-hydroxytryptamine on the spontaneous activity of neurons of the subthalamic nucleus was examined by recording the extracellular unitary activity in an in vitro slice preparation. The most frequent response to 5-hydroxytryptamine (84% of 57 neurons tested) was an increase (twofold of basal at 10 microM) of the discharge frequency. The EC50(More)
Projection neurons of the substantia nigra reticulata (SNr) convey basal ganglia (BG) processing to thalamocortical and brain stem circuits responsible for movement. Two models try to explain pathological BG performance during Parkinson disease (PD): the rate model, which posits an overexcitation of SNr neurons due to hyperactivity in the indirect pathway(More)
The release of [3H]GABA from slices of rat substantia nigra pars reticulata induced by increasing extracellular K+ from 6 to 15 mM in the presence of 10 microM sulpiride was inhibited by 73 +/- 3% by 1 microM SCH 23390, consistent with a large component of release dependent upon D1 receptor activation. The histamine H3 receptor-selective agonist immepip (1(More)