Jorge Gutiérrez Aceves

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Dopamine is a critical modulator of striatal function; its absence produces Parkinson's disease. Most cellular actions of dopamine are still unknown. This work describes the presynaptic actions of dopaminergic receptor agonists on GABAergic transmission between neostriatal projection neurons. Axon collaterals interconnect projection neurons, the main axons(More)
1. A method to separate the epithelium from the underlying layers of the frog skin is described. The method is based on the combined use of collagenase and hydrostatic pressures.2. The potential difference and the short-circuit current values of isolated epithelia and whole skins are similar. Na net flux and short-circuit current are equivalent.3. The time(More)
Here we have explored whether dopamine is able to modulate the release of gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) from striatal terminals to substantia nigra pars reticulata, entopeduncular nucleus, globus pallidus and caudate-putamen. The type of dopamine receptors involved was assessed by the blocking effect of either SCH 23390 (D1 antagonist) or (-)-sulpiride (D2(More)
An in vitro slice preparation was used to obtain intracellular recordings of neostriatal neurons. Indirect evidence for the presence of an early outward conductance in neostriatal neurons is presented. With near threshold stimulation neostriatal neurons fired very late during the pulse. The long firing latency was associated with a slow (ramp-like)(More)
The effects of activating dopaminergic D1 and D2 class receptors of the subthalamic projections that innervate the pars reticulata of the subtantia nigra (SNr) were explored in slices of the rat brain using the whole cell patch-clamp technique. Excitatory postsynaptic currents (EPSCs) that could be blocked by 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxalene-2,3-dione and(More)
Abnormalities in dopaminergic control of basal ganglia function play a key role in Parkinson's disease. Adenosine appears to modulate the dopaminergic control in striatum, where an inhibitory interaction between adenosine and dopamine receptors has been demonstrated. However the interaction has not been established in substantia nigra pars reticulata (SNr)(More)
We analysed the expression of dopamine receptor subtypes in the subthalamic nucleus by means of reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. We also studied, using autoradiography, all pharmacologically characterized dopamine receptors in four subregions of the subthalamic nucleus. For comparison, dopamine receptor subtypes were also evaluated in brain(More)
The Ca++-dependence of the repetitive firing of neostriatal neurons was studied in an in vitro slice preparation of the rat neostriatum. Neuronal firing was evoked by injecting depolarizing currents of 100–200 ms duration. In normal conditions, the mode of firing was tonic and showed very little adaptation. The frequency-current relation was linear over a(More)
BACKGROUND Recently, we synthesized a nonviral gene vector capable of transfecting cell lines taking advantage of neurotensin (NT) internalization. The vector is NT cross-linked with poly-L-lysine, to which a plasmid DNA was bound to form a complex (NT-polyplex). Nigral dopamine neurons are able to internalize NT, thus representing a target for gene(More)
The aim of the study was to determine the role of dopamine on the GABAergic input to striatal projection neurons. Accordingly, the effect of the activation of dopamine D2-like receptors on GABA-mediated depolarizing postsynaptic potentials evoked in striatal slices by local stimulation was studied. Conventional intracellular recording techniques were used(More)