Jorge Guillermo Peralta

Learn More
Mitochondria are the specialized organelles for energy metabolism but also participate in the production of O(2) active species, cell cycle regulation, apoptosis and thermogenesis. Classically, regulation of mitochondrial energy functions was based on the ADP/ATP ratio, which dynamically stimulates the transition between resting and maximal O(2) uptake.(More)
Isolated rat heart perfused with 1.5-7.5 microM NO solutions or bradykinin, which activates endothelial NO synthase, showed a dose-dependent decrease in myocardial O2 uptake from 3.2 +/- 0.3 to 1.6 +/- 0.1 (7.5 microM NO, n = 18, P < 0.05) and to 1.2 +/- 0.1 microM O2.min-1.g tissue-1 (10 microM bradykinin, n = 10, P < 0.05). Perfused NO concentrations(More)
Changes in O(2) uptake at different thyroid status have been explained on the basis of the modulation of mitochondrial enzymes and membrane biophysical properties. Regarding the nitric oxide (NO) effects, we tested whether liver mitochondrial nitric oxide synthase (mtNOS) participates in the modulation of O(2) uptake in thyroid disorders. Wistar rats were(More)
Sepsis, as infection associated to systemic manifestations, was produced in rats by cecal ligation and double perforation. Sham-operated rats were used as controls. The spontaneous chemiluminescence of rat adductor muscle and liver were measured at 6, 12, 24, and 30 h after the surgical procedure. Muscle chemiluminescence showed a maximal increase of about(More)
Although transcriptional effects of thyroid hormones have substantial influence on oxidative metabolism, how thyroid sets basal metabolic rate remains obscure. Compartmental localization of nitric-oxide synthases is important for nitric oxide signaling. We therefore examined liver neuronal nitric-oxide synthase-alpha (nNOS) subcellular distribution as a(More)
BACKGROUND In the metabolic syndrome with hyperinsulinemia, mitochondrial inhibition facilitates muscle fat and glycogen accumulation and accelerates its progression. In the last decade, nitric oxide (NO) emerged as a typical mitochondrial modulator by reversibly inhibiting citochrome oxidase and oxygen utilization. We wondered whether insulin-operated(More)
AIMS Obesity arises on defective neuroendocrine pathways that increase energy intake and reduce mitochondrial metabolism. In the metabolic syndrome, mitochondrial dysfunction accomplishes defects in fatty acid oxidation and reciprocal increase in triglyceride content with insulin resistance and hyperglycemia. Mitochondrial inhibition is attributed to(More)
Sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction is associated with increased oxidative stress and mitochondrial dysfunction. Current evidence suggests a protective role of thioredoxin-1 (Trx1) in the pathogenesis of cardiovascular diseases. However, it is unknown yet a putative role of Trx1 in sepsis-induced myocardial dysfunction, in which oxidative stress is an(More)
Defective oxygen consumption and a pathological dependence of oxygen uptake on O2 supply have been considered important events in sepsis. To relate these features with tissue and mitochondrial metabolism, we studied oxygen uptake in whole isolated and perfused rat liver at two O2 supply levels, in the same liver slices, and in isolated liver mitochondria.(More)
To preserve thermoneutrality, cold exposure is followed by changes in energy expenditure and basal metabolic rate (BMR). Because nitric oxide (NO) modulates mitochondrial O(2) uptake and energy levels, we analyzed cold effects (30 days at 4 degrees C) on rat liver and skeletal muscle mitochondrial NO synthases (mtNOS) and their putative impact on BMR. Cold(More)