Jorge Fernando Giani

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BACKGROUND/AIMS Pioglitazone and other thiazolidinediones are renoprotective in diabetic nephropathy at doses that normalize glycemia, presumably as a consequence of glycemic control. However, low doses of pioglitazone that did not normalize glycemia in rat models of type 2 diabetes prevented tubulointerstitial fibrosis and glomerulosclerosis through(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a zinc-dependent peptidase responsible for converting angiotensin I into the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II. However, ACE is a relatively nonspecific peptidase that is capable of cleaving a wide range of substrates. Because of this, ACE and its peptide substrates and products affect many physiologic processes,(More)
Activation of the intrarenal renin-angiotensin system (RAS) can elicit hypertension independently from the systemic RAS. However, the precise mechanisms by which intrarenal Ang II increases blood pressure have never been identified. To this end, we studied the responses of mice specifically lacking kidney angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) to experimental(More)
The current study was undertaken to determine whether Ang-(1-7) is effective in improving metabolic parameters in fructose-fed rats (FFR), a model of metabolic syndrome. Six-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either normal rat chow (control) or the same diet plus 10% fructose in drinking water. For the last 2 wk of a 6-wk period of either diet,(More)
Angiotensin (ANG) II exerts a negative modulation on insulin signal transduction that might be involved in the pathogenesis of hypertension and insulin resistance. ANG-(1-7), an endogenous heptapeptide hormone formed by cleavage of ANG I and ANG II, counteracts many actions of ANG II. In the current study, we have explored the role of ANG-(1-7) in the(More)
The present study examined whether chronic treatment with angiotensin (ANG)-(1-7) reduces cardiac remodeling and inhibits growth-promoting signaling pathways in the heart of fructose-fed rats (FFR), an animal model of insulin resistance. Sprague-Dawley rats were fed either normal rat chow (control) or the same diet plus 10% fructose in drinking water. For(More)
Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) stimulates proteins belonging to the insulin signaling pathway and ameliorates the Ang II negative effects at this level. However, up to date, receptors involved and mechanisms behind these observations remain unknown. Accordingly, in the present study, we explored the in vivo effects of antagonism of the Ang-(1-7) specific Mas(More)
BACKGROUND Angiotensin II (Ang II) has been shown to contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension and insulin resistance. In addition, administration of selective Ang II type-1 receptor blockers has been shown to improve insulin sensitivity. However, only a few studies have addressed the molecular mechanisms involved in this association. OBJECTIVE AND(More)
The in vivo effect of angiotensin (ANG)-(1-7) on the activation of insulin signaling transduction in rat extracardiac tissues is unknown. Thus, in the present study, we evaluated the ability of ANG-(1-7) to stimulate the phosphorylation of Akt, a main mediator of insulin action in rat extracardiac tissues (adipose tissue, liver and skeletal muscle). We(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is best known for the catalytic conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. However, the use of gene-targeting techniques has led to mouse models highlighting many other biochemical properties and actions of this enzyme. This review discusses recent studies examining the functional significance of ACE tissue-specific(More)