Jorge Fernando Giani

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Endothelial dysfunction is a systemic pathological state of the endothelium characterized by a reduction in the bioavailability of vasodilators, essentially nitric oxide, leading to impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation, as well as disarrangement in vascular wall metabolism and function. One of the key factors in endothelial dysfunction is(More)
Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) stimulates proteins belonging to the insulin signaling pathway and ameliorates the Ang II negative effects at this level. However, up to date, receptors involved and mechanisms behind these observations remain unknown. Accordingly, in the present study, we explored the in vivo effects of antagonism of the Ang-(1-7) specific Mas(More)
The in vivo effect of angiotensin (ANG)-(1-7) on the activation of insulin signaling transduction in rat extracardiac tissues is unknown. Thus, in the present study, we evaluated the ability of ANG-(1-7) to stimulate the phosphorylation of Akt, a main mediator of insulin action in rat extracardiac tissues (adipose tissue, liver and skeletal muscle). We(More)
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) is a disease with increasing importance in modern societies and insufficient treatment options. Pharmacological stimulation of insulin signaling, which is blunted in DM2, is a promising approach to treat this disease. It has been shown that activation of the angiotensin (Ang)-(1–7)/Mas axis of the renin–angiotensin system(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is best known for the catalytic conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. However, the use of gene-targeting techniques has led to mouse models highlighting many other biochemical properties and actions of this enzyme. This review discusses recent studies examining the functional significance of ACE tissue-specific(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine if insulin can modulate the pressor response to angiotensin II at brain level in normotensive rats. Anaesthetized male rats were intracerebroventricularly infused with insulin (12 mU/h, n=15) or Ringer's solution as vehicle (n=15) for 2 h. Immediately, changes in mean arterial pressure (MAP) in response to an(More)
Since anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC), a complication of anthracycline-based chemotherapies, is thought to involve iron, concerns exist about using iron for anaemia treatment in anthracycline-receiving cancer patients. This study evaluated how intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) modulates the influence of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and(More)
entry of cell-penetrating peptide nona-arginine into adherent cells involves a transient increase in intracellular calcium. Deep two-photon brain imaging with a red-shifted fluorometric Ca 2+ indicator. calcium elicits feedforward regulation of the Toll-like receptor-triggered innate immune response. entry of cell-penetrating peptide nona-arginine into(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine if insulin is able to modulate the pressor response to intracerebroventricularly administered angiotensin II in insulin resistant fructose overloaded rats. Male Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into two groups: 1) Control group (C) with tap water to drink for 6 weeks (n=36); and 2) fructose treated (F), with(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) improves insulin sensitivity and increases life span in normal but not in long-lived growth hormone-resistant knockout (GHRKO) mice. In this study, we examined interactive effects of GH resistance and long-term CR on cardiac insulin action. GHRKO mice exhibited marked increases in the insulin-induced phosphorylation of the insulin(More)
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