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Angiotensin (ANG)-(1-7) constitutes an important functional end-product of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system that acts to balance the physiological actions of ANG II. In the kidney, ANG-(1-7) exerts beneficial effects by inhibiting growth-promoting pathways and reducing proteinuria. We examined whether a 2-wk treatment with a daily dose of ANG-(1-7)(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is a zinc-dependent peptidase responsible for converting angiotensin I into the vasoconstrictor angiotensin II. However, ACE is a relatively nonspecific peptidase that is capable of cleaving a wide range of substrates. Because of this, ACE and its peptide substrates and products affect many physiologic processes,(More)
Endothelial dysfunction is a systemic pathological state of the endothelium characterized by a reduction in the bioavailability of vasodilators, essentially nitric oxide, leading to impaired endothelium-dependent vasodilation, as well as disarrangement in vascular wall metabolism and function. One of the key factors in endothelial dysfunction is(More)
Angiotensin (Ang)-(1-7) stimulates proteins belonging to the insulin signaling pathway and ameliorates the Ang II negative effects at this level. However, up to date, receptors involved and mechanisms behind these observations remain unknown. Accordingly, in the present study, we explored the in vivo effects of antagonism of the Ang-(1-7) specific Mas(More)
The in vivo effect of angiotensin (ANG)-(1-7) on the activation of insulin signaling transduction in rat extracardiac tissues is unknown. Thus, in the present study, we evaluated the ability of ANG-(1-7) to stimulate the phosphorylation of Akt, a main mediator of insulin action in rat extracardiac tissues (adipose tissue, liver and skeletal muscle). We(More)
Diabetes mellitus type 2 (DM2) is a disease with increasing importance in modern societies and insufficient treatment options. Pharmacological stimulation of insulin signaling, which is blunted in DM2, is a promising approach to treat this disease. It has been shown that activation of the angiotensin (Ang)-(1–7)/Mas axis of the renin–angiotensin system(More)
Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) is best known for the catalytic conversion of angiotensin I to angiotensin II. However, the use of gene-targeting techniques has led to mouse models highlighting many other biochemical properties and actions of this enzyme. This review discusses recent studies examining the functional significance of ACE tissue-specific(More)
Calorie restriction (CR) improves insulin sensitivity and increases life span in normal but not in long-lived growth hormone-resistant knockout (GHRKO) mice. In this study, we examined interactive effects of GH resistance and long-term CR on cardiac insulin action. GHRKO mice exhibited marked increases in the insulin-induced phosphorylation of the insulin(More)
The aim of the present study was to determine if insulin can modulate the pressor response to angiotensin II at brain level in normotensive rats. Anaesthetized male rats were intracerebroventricularly infused with insulin (12 mU/h, n=15) or Ringer's solution as vehicle (n=15) for 2 h. Immediately, changes in mean arterial pressure (MAP) in response to an(More)
Since anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity (AIC), a complication of anthracycline-based chemotherapies, is thought to involve iron, concerns exist about using iron for anaemia treatment in anthracycline-receiving cancer patients. This study evaluated how intravenous ferric carboxymaltose (FCM) modulates the influence of iron deficiency anaemia (IDA) and(More)