Jorge Esparza-Gordillo

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Hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is an important cause of acute renal failure in children. Mutations in one or more genes encoding complement-regulatory proteins have been reported in approximately one-third of nondiarrheal, atypical HUS (aHUS) patients, suggesting a defect in the protection of cell surfaces against complement activation in susceptible(More)
Factor H is an essential regulatory protein that plays a critical role in the homeostasis of the complement system in plasma and in the protection of bystander host cells and tissues from damage by complement activation. Genetic and structural data generated during recent years have been instrumental to delineate the functional domains responsible for these(More)
The efficiency of the complement system as an innate immune defense mechanism depends on a fine control that restricts its action to pathogens and prevents non-specific damage to host tissues. Genetic and functional analyses have shown that this critical control of complement activation may be impaired in atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) patients.(More)
Mutations in the complement regulators factor H, membrane cofactor protein (MCP), and factor I are associated with atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS, MIM 235400), suggesting that the disease develops as a consequence of the inefficient protection of the renal endothelium from damage by the complement system. Incomplete penetrance of the disease in(More)
Factor H is a plasma protein that plays a critical role in the regulation of complement activation in fluid phase and on cellular surfaces. Over the years numerous reports have illustrated the association of factor H deficiencies with chronic renal and infectious diseases. Plasma levels of factor H show a five-fold range of variation in humans (116–562(More)
Many of the complement regulatory genes within the RCA cluster (1q32) have arisen through genomic duplication and the resulting high degree of sequence identity is likely to predispose to gene conversion events. The highest degree of identity is between the genes for factor H (CFH) and five factor H-related proteins--CFHL1, CFHL2, CFHL3, CFHL4, and CFHL5.(More)
The C4b-binding protein (C4BP) is a plasma glycoprotein implicated in the homeostasis of the complement and coagulation systems. It is composed of two polypeptides (α and β), which form three plasma oligomers with different subunit compositions (α7β1, α7β0, and α6β1). The β chain-containing C4BP isoforms (C4BPβ+ isoforms) bind and inactivate protein S(More)
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