Jorge Elias Kalil

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One-third of all Trypanosoma cruzi -infected patients eventually develop chronic Chagas' disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), a particularly lethal inflammatory dilated cardiomyopathy, where parasites are scarce and heart-infiltrating mononuclear cells seem to be the effectors of tissue damage. Since T. cruzi is a major inducer of interleukin-12 production, the(More)
BACKGROUND Malaria is one of the most significant infectious diseases in the world and is responsible for a large proportion of infant deaths. Toll-like receptors (TLRs), key components of innate immunity, are central to countering infection. Variants in the TLR-signaling pathway are associated with susceptibility to infectious diseases. METHODS We(More)
Heart tissue destruction in chronic Chagas disease cardiopathy (CCC) may be caused by autoimmune recognition of heart tissue by a mononuclear cell infiltrate decades after Trypanosoma cruzi infection. Indirect evidence suggests that there is antigenic crossreactivity between T. cruzi and heart tissue. As there is evidence for immune recognition of cardiac(More)
Susceptibility to autoimmune hepatitis type I (AIH-1) has been associated with HLA-DR3, DR52, and DR4 antigens in Caucasian and Oriental patients. However, in Brazil, disease susceptibility is primarily linked to DR13 and DR52. In this highly admixed population, we find different DR13-associated haplotypes, presenting a unique opportunity to discriminate(More)
OBJECTIVES:Susceptibility to autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) type 1 has been associated with DRB1*03, DRB1*04, and DRB3 alleles in European and North-American whites, with DRB1*04 in Japan, and with DRB1*04 and DRB1*13 in Latin America. Very few studies have been performed on AIH type 2. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the association of AIH types 1(More)
T-cell molecular mimicry between streptococcal and heart proteins has been proposed as the triggering factor leading to autoimmunity in rheumatic heart disease (RHD). We searched for immunodominant T-cell M5 epitopes among RHD patients with defined clinical outcomes and compared the T-cell reactivities of peripheral blood and intralesional T cells from(More)
OBJECTIVES Severe asthma is found in approximately 10% of patients with asthma. Some factors associated with worse asthma control include rhinitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, vocal cord dysfunction (VCD), nasal polyposis and bronchiectasis. Therefore, we evaluated the prevalence of these illnesses in patients with severe asthma. METHODS We conducted(More)
Heart tissue destruction in chronic Chagas' disease cardiomyopathy (CCC), occurring in 30% of individuals chronically infected by the protozoan parasite Trypanosoma cruzi, may be caused by autoimmune recognition of patients' heart tissue by a T cell rich inflammatory infiltrate. Recently, our group demonstrated that T cells infiltrating the heart of CCC(More)
BACKGROUND Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have been considered for human regenerative therapy applications, and safe culture and expansion protocols are needed especially in the context of interspecies contamination. Human platelet lysate (PL) has been proposed as animal serum substitute during in vitro MSC expansion. In this work, a simplified and efficient(More)